Narrowleaf Cattail

Typha angustifolia

  • Clumping spreading stands of narrow sword-like leaves
  • Central flower stalks are equal to the height of the leaves
  • Male and female flowers are held separately
  • Cylindrical flower remnants turn brown after fertilization
  • Male flowers disperse, leaving the familiar fruiting spikes used in floral arrangements
  • Can self-seed or spread by rhizomes
  • Commonly aggressive
  • Bloom Time: Early to midsummer
  • Foliage Height: 200 cm



175-200 cm

200-500 cm

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Growing and Maintenance Tips:

Cattails grow best in shallow water along pond edges or in swamps. They provide cover and food for wildlife. Roots can go deep, and become difficult to remove. If planting in small ponds, a root restrainer will be necessary.

Additional Notes about Narrowleaf Cattail:

Native to Ontario and most of North America. Seeds, stems and roots are edible cooked, mashed, or ground into powders.