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Acer circinatum
VINE MAPLE
  • Dense, rounded to vase-shaped form with irregular branching
  • White flowers emerge before the leaves
  • Red two-winged samaras turn brown before dropping in the summer

HEIGHT: 12-15 m  ·  SPREAD: 9-12 m

Acorus americanus
SWEET FLAG
  • Hardy perennial, swamp or bog plant
  • Foliage and rhizomes have a sweet citrus scent when bruised or cut
  • Wheat-like flowers

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 70-90 cm

Acorus calamus 'Variegatus'
VARIEGATED SWEET FLAG
  • Forms an upright, vase-shaped clump of iris-like green and white variegated leaves
  • Adds a nice feature to the semi-aquatic garden
  • Foliage and rhizomes emit a spicy scent when crushed or bruised

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Acorus gramineus 'Minimus Aureus'
DWARF GOLDEN SWEET FLAG
  • AKA Acorus gramineus 'Pusillus'
  • Flowers are green and insignificant
  • Dwarf golden cultivar of sweet flag

HEIGHT: 5-10 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Acorus gramineus 'Oborozuki'
GRASSY-LEAVED SWEET FLAG
  • Variegated green and golden-yellow grass-like foliage
  • Insignificant green flowers
  • Evergreen to semi-evergreen foliage

HEIGHT: 25-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 10-15 cm

Acorus gramineus 'Ogon'
GOLDEN VARIEGATED SWEET FLAG
  • Variegated green and golden-yellow grass-like foliage
  • Striking in a water feature or garden
  • Insignificant green flowers

HEIGHT: 25-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 10-15 cm

Alisma plantago-aquatica
BROADLEAF WATER PLANTAIN
  • Airy, white flowers
  • Clump-forming perennial with hairless plantain-like foliage emerging in early spring
  • Foliage stands 60 cm above the waterline

HEIGHT: 60-70 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Alopecurus pratensis 'Aureovariegatus'
GOLDEN FOXTAIL GRASS
  • Colourful tuft-forming perennial
  • Variegated blades: green with yellow margins
  • Light brown seed heads

HEIGHT: 45-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-60 cm

Andromeda polifolia 'Blue Ice' (COPF)
BLUE ICE BOG ROSEMARY
  • Clusters of drooping pink urn-shaped flowers
  • Ice-blue needle-like foliage keeps its colour all year
  • Slow-growing with a low spreading habit

HEIGHT: 20-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Arisaema triphyllum
JACK-IN-THE-PULPIT
  • AKA Arisaema atrorubens
  • Unique upright club-shaped spadix with hoods of green and maroon
  • Attractive maroon stems

HEIGHT: 30-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-30 cm

Aruncus aethusifolius
DWARF GOAT'S BEARD
  • A dwarf species of aruncus
  • Low mound of fern-like foliage
  • Short stems of creamy-white flowers

HEIGHT: 25-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Aruncus dioicus
GOAT'S BEARD
  • Large white plumes form above lacy green foliage
  • Excellent background plant for shady, moist spots
  • Great massing perennial

HEIGHT: 120-180 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-150 cm

Aruncus dioicus 'Kneiffii'
CUTLEAF GOAT'S BEARD
  • Medium-sized mounds of finely-cut green foliage
  • White plumes rise above the foliage
  • Interesting compact plant for a moist shady border

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Aruncus x 'Misty Lace' (PP15798)
DWARF GOAT'S BEARD
  • Cross between Aruncus dioicus and Aruncus aethusifolius
  • Creamy-white plumes appear on red stems
  • Compact, astilbe-like foliage

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-60 cm

Asclepias incarnata
SWAMP MILKWEED
  • Pink flowers are followed by attractive seed pods
  • Food source for Monarch butterflies and other beneficial insects
  • Commonly found in swamps or wetland landscapes

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Asclepias incarnata 'Ice Ballet'
MILKWEED
  • Vanilla-scented white flowers are followed by attractive seed pods
  • Food source for Monarch butterflies
  • Commonly found in swamps or wetland landscapes

HEIGHT: 90-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Asimina triloba
PAWPAW
  • Small low branching tree, forming a dense pyramidal rounded crown
  • Cup-shaped purple flowers
  • Large, slightly drooping, elliptical green leaves

HEIGHT: 6-8 m  ·  SPREAD: 5-6 m

Aster puniceus
SWAMP ASTER
  • AKA Symphyotrichum puniceum
  • Flowers are usually pale blue, but can vary to deep blue or purple
  • Stems are reddish-purple and usually hairy

HEIGHT: 90-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Aster umbellatus
FLAT-TOPPED ASTER, PARASOL WHITETOP
  • AKA Doellingeria umbellata
  • Flat-topped cluster of small white flowers
  • Flowers appear earlier than most aster

HEIGHT: 100-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Astilboides tabularis
SHIELDLEAF RODGERSIA
  • AKA Rodgersia tabularis
  • Panicles of creamy-white flowers resemble astilbe
  • Specimen-sized leaves, up to 90 cm across

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Brunnera macrophylla
SIBERIAN BUGLOSS
  • AKA Anchusa myosotidiflora
  • Resembles the blue flowers of forget-me-nots
  • Flowers appear before or amongst the emerging foliage

HEIGHT: 30-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Brunnera macrophylla 'Alexander's Great' (PP25789, COPF)
SIBERIAN BUGLOSS
  • Deep blue flowers resemble those of forget-me-nots
  • Blooms before or amongst the emerging foliage
  • Large, heart-shaped, silver leaves are accented by green veining

HEIGHT: 30-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Brunnera macrophylla 'Alexandria' (PP25789, COPF)
SIBERIAN BUGLOSS
  • Sky blue flowers float above the foliage
  • Blooms before or amongst the emerging foliage
  • Large heart-shaped silver leaves

HEIGHT: 30-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Brunnera macrophylla 'Emerald Mist' (PP20460, CPBR3976)
SIBERIAN BUGLOSS
  • Blue flowers resemble those of forget-me-nots
  • Blooms before or amongst the emerging foliage
  • Hairy heart-shaped leaves up to 20 cm across

HEIGHT: 30-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Brunnera macrophylla 'Hadspen Cream'
SIBERIAN BUGLOSS
  • Blue flowers resemble those of forget-me-nots
  • Blooms before or amongst the emerging foliage
  • Irregular, creamy-white leaf margins on light green foliage

HEIGHT: 30-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Brunnera macrophylla 'Jack Frost' (PP13859, CPBR1799)
SIBERIAN BUGLOSS
  • Blue flowers resemble those of forget-me-nots
  • Blooms before or amongst the emerging foliage
  • Frosted, silver leaves are accented with distinct, green veining

HEIGHT: 30-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Brunnera macrophylla 'King's Ransom' (PPAF, CPBR3977)
SIBERIAN BUGLOSS
  • More heat-tolerant than the species
  • Clump of heart-shaped leaves
  • Foliage is highlighted with dark green veining and a creamy-yellow border

HEIGHT: 30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30 cm

Brunnera macrophylla 'Langtrees'
SIBERIAN BUGLOSS
  • Blue flowers resemble those of forget-me-nots
  • Blooms before or amongst the emerging foliage
  • Green foliage sports a silvery-white, netted overlay around the edge

HEIGHT: 30-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Brunnera macrophylla 'Looking Glass' (PP17829, CPBR3115)
SIBERIAN BUGLOSS
  • Blue flowers resemble those of forget-me-nots
  • Blooms before or amongst the emerging foliage
  • Heart-shaped foliage has a sterling-silver patina

HEIGHT: 30-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Brunnera macrophylla 'Mr. Morse' (PP19947)
SIBERIAN BUGLOSS
  • Small white flowers
  • Blooms before or amongst the emerging foliage
  • Frosted silver leaves are accented with distinct green veining

HEIGHT: 30-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Brunnera macrophylla Dawson's White ('Variegata')
SIBERIAN BUGLOSS
  • Blue flowers resemble those of forget-me-nots
  • Blooms before or amongst the emerging foliage
  • Heart-shaped mid-green leaves are edged with bold creamy-white bands

HEIGHT: 30-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Caltha palustris
MARSH MARIGOLD
  • AKA Caltha polypetala
  • Numerous, waxy, yellow, buttercup-like flowers
  • Kidney-shaped, glossy, dark green leaves, up to 10 cm long, form low mounds

HEIGHT: 30-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Campanula carpatica 'Blue Clips'
CARPATHIAN BELLFLOWER
  • Blue cup-shaped flowers rise slightly above the foliage
  • Upward-facing blooms
  • Low compact mounds of sharply toothed bright green basal leaves

HEIGHT: 20-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Campanula carpatica 'Pearl Deep Blue'
CARPATHIAN BELLFLOWER
  • Vivid blue flowers with lighter centres
  • Upward-facing blooms
  • Low, compact mounds of sharply toothed, bright green, basal leaves

HEIGHT: 20-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Campanula carpatica 'Pearl White'
CARPATHIAN BELLFLOWER
  • An improved selection on the older Clips series
  • Upward-facing, white blooms
  • Low, compact mounds of sharply toothed, bright green, basal leaves

HEIGHT: 20-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Campanula carpatica 'White Clips'
CARPATHIAN BELLFLOWER
  • White cup-shaped flowers rise slightly above the foliage
  • Upward-facing blooms
  • Low compact mounds of sharply-toothed bright green basal leaves

HEIGHT: 20-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Carex bebbii
BEBB'S SEDGE
  • Clump-forming sedge with a cascading appearance
  • Green leaves, 6 mm wide, are triangular in cross section
  • Seed heads are decorative

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 5-10 cm

Carex comosa
BRISTLY SEDGE
  • Tuft-forming sedge with an upright, cascading habit
  • Leaves are green, about 6 mm wide, triangular in cross sections
  • Seed heads droop downward, in clumps of 2-6 spikelets, up to 8 cm long, May through July

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Carex elata 'Aurea'
BOWLES GOLDEN SEDGE
  • AKA Carex stricta 'Aurea'
  • Forms a clump of graceful arching fine foliage
  • Fine leaf blades are bright golden-yellow with narrow green margins

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Carex grayi
MORNING STAR SEDGE
  • Forms a slightly arching tight upright clump
  • Semi-evergreen leaf blades are 15 mm wide
  • Flower spikes are followed by unique light green star or mace-shaped seed pods

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Carex lacustris
HAIRY SEDGE
  • A.K.A Carex riparia
  • Large upright grass with leaves and seeds growing off the same stem
  • Stems are bluish-green, triangular in cross section

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Carex pseudocyperus
CYPRESS SEDGE
  • Tuft-forming grass with an upright, cascading habit
  • Leaves are yellow-green, about 6 mm wide and triangular in cross section
  • Spikes of tiny green or brown flowers

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Carex rosea
ROSY SEDGE
  • Thick clumps of delicate, arching foliage
  • Deep green narrow leaves
  • Produces unique star-like seed clusters

HEIGHT: 20-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 5-10 cm

Carex stipata
AWL FRUITED SEDGE
  • Tuft-forming sedge with an upright, cascading habit
  • Leaves are green, about 6 mm wide, triangular in cross section
  • Brownish-green flower heads look like bushy foxtails

HEIGHT: 90-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Carex stricta
TUSSOCK SEDGE
  • AKA Carex elata
  • Slender upright sedge with leaves and seeds growing off the same stems
  • Stems are bluish-green, triangular in cross section

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Carex vulpinoidea
FOX SEDGE
  • Slender, upright, slightly arching sedge common to Ontario's wetlands
  • Stems are bluish-green, triangular in cross-section
  • Seed heads, at same height as the leaves, resemble a fox's tail

HEIGHT: 50-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Cephalanthus occidentalis
BUTTONBUSH
  • Spherical clusters of white florets
  • Green nutlets turn brown in the fall and persist into the winter
  • Glossy foliage emerges in late spring

HEIGHT: 175-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 175-200 cm

Chelone glabra
TURTLEHEAD
  • AKA Chelone oblique 'Alba'
  • Predominantly white flowers are sometimes tinged with pink
  • Flowers are hooded and look similar to snapdragons

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Chelone glabra 'Black Ace'
WHITE TURTLEHEAD
  • Foliage emerges in the spring with a very dark cast
  • Leaves turn green as the summer progresses
  • White flowers are hooded and look similar to snapdragons

HEIGHT: 100-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Chelone lyonii 'Hot Lips'
PINK TURTLEHEAD
  • Rose-pink, turtlehead-shaped flowers appear on reddish stems
  • Oblong leaves emerge a glossy, bronze maturing to dark green
  • Bloom Time: September to October

HEIGHT: 60-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Chelone obliqua
PINK TURTLEHEAD
  • Rose-pink, turtlehead-shaped flowers are held on reddish stems
  • Fine-toothed, lance-shaped, dark green leaves form on sturdy, square stems
  • Bloom Time: Late summer to October

HEIGHT: 80-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Darmera peltata
UMBRELLA PLANT
  • AKA Peltiphyllum peltatum
  • Flower stalks emerge from the ground on leafless hairy stems
  • Round clusters of tiny white to pinkish flowers

HEIGHT: 90-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 90-120 cm

Dryopteris clintoniana
CLINTON'S WOOD FERN
  • AKA Dryopteris cristata var. clintoniana
  • Broad, triangular fronds of deep green
  • Fertile fronds are taller and more upright than the sterile fronds

HEIGHT: 75-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Dryopteris spinulosa
TOOTHED WOOD FERN
  • AKA Dryopteris carthusiana
  • Narrow lance-shaped pale green fronds with finely cut leaflets
  • Upright, clumping habit

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Eleocharis obtusa
BLUNT SPIKERUSH
  • A clumping rush with slender dark green cylindrical stems
  • Each stem is topped with a small dark brown oblong flower spike
  • Small narrow leaves are sometimes present near the base of the plant

HEIGHT: 20-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-25 cm

Eleocharis palustris
COMMON SPIKERUSH
  • Narrow dark green round stems spread by rhizomatous roots
  • A dark reddish-purple sheath surrounds the base of the stems
  • Each stem features a small dark brown oblong flower spike

HEIGHT: 25-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-150 cm

Elodea canadensis
CANADA PONDWEED
  • AKA Anacharis canadensis, Philotria canadensis, Philotria linearis
  • Numerous, overlapping, dark green, fine-toothed leaves which curl slightly downward
  • Inconspicuous, white to pale pink flowers appear on the surface

HEIGHT: 20-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-30 cm

Equisetum fluviatile
RIVER HORSETAIL
  • Forms dense colonies in shallow water or ponds
  • Tall erect dark green smooth stems sport fine ridges
  • At each joint, the stem has a whorl of tiny black-tipped scale leaves

HEIGHT: 60-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-70 cm

Equisetum hyemale
SCOURING RUSH
  • Rigid, hollow, bamboo-like stems
  • Dark green with black banding at joints
  • Produces small brown cone-like stem tips in the summer

HEIGHT: 60-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-200 cm

Erica carnea 'Springwood Pink'
SPRINGWOOD PINK HEATH
  • Clusters of drooping pink cylindrical flowers
  • Small green needle-like leaves keep their colour all year
  • Insignificant fruit rattles when jostled

HEIGHT: 15-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Erica carnea 'Springwood White'
SPRINGWOOD WHITE HEATH
  • Clusters of drooping white cylindrical flowers
  • Small green needle-like leaves keeps their colour all year
  • Slow-growing low spreading habit

HEIGHT: 15-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Filipendula rubra 'Venusta'
QUEEN OF THE PRAIRIE
  • AKA Filipendula rubra 'Venusta Magnifica'
  • Deep pink to carmine flower clusters
  • Flowers fade to a softer pink as they age

HEIGHT: 125-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-100 cm

Filipendula x 'Kahome'
DWARF PINK MEADOWSWEET
  • A dwarf selection of meadowsweet
  • Delicate fluffy heads of rosy-pink flowers
  • Upright clumping perennial with dark green fern-like leaves

HEIGHT: 20-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Filipendula x 'Red Umbrellas'
MEADOWSWEET
  • Compact growth and maple-like green leaves
  • Foliage is heavily veined with crimson
  • Fluffy plumes of candy-floss-pink blooms float above the foliage

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Glyceria maxima var. 'Variegata'
VARIEGATED MANNAGRASS
  • A.K.A. Glyceria aquatica 'Variegata', Glyceria spectabilis 'Variegata'
  • Loose upright clump of pendulous blades
  • Strap-shaped leaves are striped with cream and sometimes tinged with pink

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Glyceria striata
FOWL MANNAGRASS
  • AKA: Glyceria striata ssp. stricta, Panicularia nervata, Panicularia striata
  • Forms an upright clump of coarse green leaves 25 cm long arranged alternately along sturdy stems
  • Pyramidal airy panicles rise on slender stems above the foliage

HEIGHT: 60-110 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-60 cm

Gunnera manicata
GIANT RHUBARB
  • AKA Gunnera brasiliensis
  • Giant rounded clump
  • Huge puckered deeply-toothed leaves have prominent veining with rounded blades

HEIGHT: 175-300 cm  ·  SPREAD: 250-350 cm

Helenium autumnale
SNEEZEWEED
  • Erect clump forming habit
  • Daisy-like flowers with yellow petals and brownish-yellow cones
  • Lance-shaped dark green leaves

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Hibiscus moscheutos
SWAMP ROSE MALLOW
  • Other common names: Wild Cotton, Mallow Rose, Crimson-eyed Rose Mallow
  • Flowers can be white, pink or red with occasional bicolours
  • Three to five lobes of bright green foliage with hairy undersides

HEIGHT: 130-160 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-150 cm

Hibiscus moscheutos Luna™ Red ('Bailhibred') (PP16155)
LUNA RED ROSE MALLOW
  • Compact, bushy selection
  • Shorter than most perennial hibiscus
  • Large saucer-shaped solid red flowers

HEIGHT: 80-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-65 cm

Hibiscus moscheutos Luna™ Pink Swirl ('Balhibpsw') (PPAF)
PINK SWIRL ROSE MALLOW
  • Compact, bushy selection
  • Shorter than most perennial hibiscus
  • Large, saucer-shaped, pale pink and white flowers with a burgundy centre

HEIGHT: 80-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-65 cm

Hibiscus moscheutos Luna™ White ('Balhibwhi') (PPAF)
LUNA WHITE ROSE MALLOW
  • Compact, bushy selection
  • Shorter than most perennial hibiscus
  • Large saucer-shaped white flowers with a red centre

HEIGHT: 80-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-65 cm

Hibiscus x 'Starry Starry Night' (PP27901)
ROSE MALLOW
  • Pale pink flowers with darker pink speckling and veining
  • Flowers produced from top to bottom of the plant
  • Blooms contrast nicely with the dark maple-like leaves

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Hibiscus x 'Summer in Paradise' (PP28730)
ROSE MALLOW
  • Deep red buds opening to hot cerise-red flowers
  • Blooms contrast nicely with the broad medium-green maple-like leaves
  • Bloom Time: July to September

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Hibiscus x 'Summerific® Spinderella' (PP33309, PPAF, CPBRAF)
ROSE MALLOW
  • White flowers have medium pink accented edges and a dark red eye
  • Large deep green heart-shaped leaves
  • Compact habit

HEIGHT: 120-140 cm  ·  SPREAD: 120-150 cm

Hierochloe odorata
SWEET GRASS
  • AKA Anthoxanthum nitens
  • Forms a spreading, upright mound of gray-green foliage
  • Blades reach 60 cm high, then sag toward the ground, with upturned ends

HEIGHT: 30-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-150 cm

Houttuynia cordata 'Chameleon'
CHAMELEON PLANT
  • AKA Houttuynia cordata 'Tricolor'
  • Insignificant flowers are green with white bracts
  • Small heart-shaped leaves form a dense mat

HEIGHT: 15-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Ilex verticillata
WINTERBERRY HOLLY
  • Flowers are white but inconspicuous
  • Red berries persist into winter (on female plants only)
  • Dark green glossy leaves turn (occasionally) to purple in autumn

HEIGHT: 175-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 175-200 cm

Ilex verticillata 'Afterglow'
AFTERGLOW WINTERBERRY
  • Flowers are white but inconspicuous
  • Orange-red berries persist into the winter
  • Dark green glossy leaves turn yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 100-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-175 cm

Ilex verticillata 'Golden Verboom'
GOLDEN VERBOOM WINTERBERRY
  • Male and female selects available
  • Flowers are white and inconspicuous
  • Large bright yellow berries persist into the winter

HEIGHT: 200-250 cm  ·  SPREAD: 175-200 cm

Ilex verticillata 'Jim Dandy'
JIM DANDY WINTERBERRY
  • Flowers are white and inconspicuous
  • Dark green, glossy leaves turn (occasionally) to purple
  • Suckering profusely, it produces an oval shrub

HEIGHT: 100-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-175 cm

Ilex verticillata 'Red Sprite'
RED SPRITE WINTERBERRY (FEMALE)
  • Flowers are white and inconspicuous
  • Large, bright red berries persist into the winter
  • Dark green, glossy leaves turn yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-125 cm

Ilex verticillata 'Southern Gentleman'
SOUTHERN GENTLEMAN WINTERBERRY
  • Flowers are white and inconspicuous
  • Dark green, glossy leaves turn (occasionally) to purple
  • Suckering profusely, it produces an oval shrub

HEIGHT: 175-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 175-200 cm

Ilex verticillata 'Winter Red'
WINTER RED WINTERBERRY
  • Flowers are white and inconspicuous
  • Large, bright red berries persist into the winter
  • Dark green, glossy leaves turn yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 175-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 200-250 cm

Iris ensata 'Caprician Butterfly'
JAPANESE WATER IRIS
  • AKA Iris kaempferi 'Caprician Butterfly'
  • Flat open-faced flower
  • Slightly ruffled pure white flower, with deep purple veining and a vibrant yellow throat

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Iris ensata 'Cry of Rejoice'
JAPANESE WATER IRIS
  • AKA Iris kaempferi 'Cry of Rejoice'
  • Flat open-faced flower
  • Large magenta-red flowers with yellow flares

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Iris ensata 'Crystal Halo'
JAPANESE WATER IRIS
  • AKA Iris kaempferi 'Crystal Halo'
  • Flat, open-faced flower
  • Huge deep purple flowers have a slight white edge and a vibrant yellow throat

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Iris ensata 'Darling'
JAPANESE WATER IRIS
  • AKA Iris kaempferi 'Darling'
  • Flat, open-faced flower
  • Large lilac-purple flowers with a bright yellow throat

HEIGHT: 90-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Iris ensata 'Eden's Charm'
JAPANESE WATER IRIS
  • AKA Iris kaempferi 'Eden's Charm'
  • Flat, open-faced flower about 15 cm across
  • Large pure white flowers with a bright yellow throat

HEIGHT: 80-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Iris ensata 'Freckled Geisha'
JAPANESE WATER IRIS
  • AKA Iris kaempferi 'Freckled Geisha'
  • Flat, open-faced flower
  • Large double or semi-double flowers of white, with violet markings on the petals

HEIGHT: 90-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Iris ensata 'Gold Bound'
JAPANESE WATER IRIS
  • AKA Iris kaempferi 'Gold Bound'
  • Flat, open-faced flower
  • Large pure white flowers with deep yellow signals

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Iris ensata 'Laughing Lion'
JAPANESE WATER IRIS
  • AKA Iris kaempferi 'Laughing Lion'
  • Flat, open-faced flower
  • Large double flowers of deep purple with small creamy flecks and yellow signals

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Iris ensata 'Lion King'
JAPANESE WATER IRIS
  • AKA Iris kaempferi 'Lion King'
  • Flat, open-faced, ruffled flower
  • Large double white flowers with a purple margin that bleeds into the centre

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Iris ensata 'Queen's Tiara'
JAPANESE WATER IRIS
  • AKA Iris kaempferi 'Queen's Tiara'
  • Flat, open-faced flower
  • Large white flowers have light purple veining throughout

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Iris ensata 'Royal Robes'
JAPANESE WATER IRIS
  • AKA Iris kaempferi 'Royal Robes'
  • Flat, open-faced flower
  • Large, purple flowers have a bright yellow signal

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Iris ensata 'Variegata'
VARIEGATED JAPANESE IRIS
  • Iris kaempferi 'Variegata'
  • Large open-faced deep purple flowers with small yellow signals
  • Blades of green-gray with a creamy-white vertical stripe along one margin

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Iris louisiana 'Black Gamecock'
LOUISIANA WATER IRIS
  • Strong growth habit
  • Large, purple-black blooms with yellow signals
  • Upright, slender, bright green foliage

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Iris louisiana 'Bold Pretender'
LOUISIANA WATER IRIS
  • Strong growth habit
  • Distinctive pale pink and darker red petals
  • Patterned yellow-green centre

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Iris pseudacorus
YELLOW FLAG IRIS
  • AKA Iris lutea
  • Bright yellow flowers
  • Brown markings at the base of each yellow petal

HEIGHT: 125-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 70-90 cm

Iris pseudacorus 'Variegata'
VARIEGATED YELLOW FLAG IRIS
  • AKA Iris lutea 'Variegata'
  • Bright yellow flowers
  • Brown markings at the base of each, yellow petal

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Iris versicolor
BLUE FLAG IRIS
  • Narrow-petaled, lavender-blue flowers with creamy-yellow throats
  • Falls have deep purple veining with lighter blue standards
  • Bright green sword-like foliage

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Iris versicolor 'Dark Aura'
DARK AURA IRIS
  • AKA Iris x robusta 'Dark Aura', Iris virginica 'DeLuxe'
  • Black-purple flushed new foliage growth
  • Foliage takes on two tones as the top halves turn to green

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Iris virginica
PALE BLUE FLAG IRIS
  • Narrow petalled, pale blue flowers with creamy-yellow throats
  • Standards are larger and longer than Iris versicolor
  • Bright green, sword-like foliage

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Juncus effusus
SOFT RUSH
  • Forms an upright vase-shaped clump of single stalks
  • Thin dark green cylindrical stems look stiff but are soft to the touch
  • Flowers emerge in small clusters from a split in the stems, slightly below the tips of the plant

HEIGHT: 90-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-80 in

Juncus effusus f. spiralis
CORKSCREW RUSH
  • Forms an irregular mound of curling, twisted, cylindrical stems
  • Thin dark green stems look stiff but are soft to the touch
  • Flowers emerge in small clusters from a split in the stems, slightly below the tips of the plant

HEIGHT: 30-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Juncus inflexus (glaucus)
HARD RUSH
  • AKA Juncus glaucus
  • Forms an upright clump of narrow cylindrical blue-green foliage
  • Flowers emerge in small clusters from a split in the stem, slightly below the tips of the plant

HEIGHT: 60-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-60 cm

Juncus tenuis
POVERTY RUSH
  • Forms a dense clump of upright narrow stems with a basal tuft of flat grass-like leaves
  • Leaves and cylindrical stems are mid-green
  • Clusters of greenish-brown seed capsules are found near the terminal tips of the plant

HEIGHT: 20-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-50 cm

Leersia oryzoides
RICE CUT GRASS
  • Forms a clump of alternately arranged dull green leaves branching from upright stems
  • Leaf margins are sharply serrated with downward-facing barbs that can cause serious cuts
  • Spikelets of flowers are yellowish-green and often form on one side of the upright stem

HEIGHT: 80-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-60 cm

Ligularia dentata 'Britt-Marie Crawford' (PP16113)
BIGLEAF LIGULARIA
  • AKA Senecio clivorum 'Britt-Marie Crawford'
  • Orange-gold daisy-like flowers form loose clusters on dark stems
  • Thick purple-black slightly wavy leaves with purple undersides

HEIGHT: 100-110 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-90 cm

Ligularia dentata 'Desdemona'
BIGLEAF LIGULARIA
  • AKA Senecio clivorum 'Desdemona'
  • Orange-gold daisy-like flowers form loose clusters on dark stems
  • Leaves emerge bronze-purple and fade to dark green by midseason

HEIGHT: 100-110 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-90 cm

Ligularia dentata 'King Kong' (PP29461)
BIGLEAF LIGULARIA
  • Orange-gold daisy-like flowers form loose clusters on dark stems
  • Large glossy purple-black leaves
  • The slightly wavy leaves have bright purple undersides

HEIGHT: 100-110 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-90 cm

Ligularia dentata 'Othello'
BIGLEAF LIGULARIA
  • AKA Senecio clivorum 'Othello'
  • 'Othello' blooms slightly before 'Desdemona'
  • Orange-gold daisy-like flowers form loose clusters on dark stems

HEIGHT: 100-110 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-90 cm

Ligularia dentata 'Pandora'
PANDORA DWARF GOLDEN RAY
  • Dwarf, compact habit
  • Leaves emerge dark wine-red to chocolate brown
  • Glossy foliage matures to deep-olive green by midsummer

HEIGHT: 30-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Ligularia palmatiloba
PALM-LEAF LIGULARIA
  • AKA Ligularia palmatifolia
  • Forms flat clusters of orange daisy-like blooms on tall stems
  • Jagged, sharply lobed, green leaves

HEIGHT: 110-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 110-125 cm

Ligularia przewalskii
GOLDEN RAY
  • AKA Senecio przewalskii
  • Tall spikes of three-petaled yellow flowers
  • Jagged, sharply lobed, green leaves

HEIGHT: 110-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 110-125 cm

Ligularia przewalskii 'Dragon's Breath'
DWARF GOLDEN RAY
  • Narrow spikes of small airy yellow flowers
  • Flowers are held on sturdy black stems
  • Dragon-fire-shaped leaves

HEIGHT: 30-35 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Ligularia stenocephala 'The Rocket'
GOLDEN RAY
  • Narrow spikes of small yellow flowers on dark stems
  • Basal heart-shaped leaves are sharply toothed
  • Bloom Time: July to August

HEIGHT: 110-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 110-125 cm

Ligularia x 'Little Rocket' (PP14621, CPBR2400)
  • Compact growing habit
  • Long narrow spikes of bright yellow flowers
  • Flowers form on sturdy black stalks

HEIGHT: 65-70 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Lobelia cardinalis
CARDINAL FLOWER
  • Spikes of scarlet-red flowers on unbranched stems
  • Tubular flowers are two-lipped
  • Finely toothed, narrow, dark green leaves

HEIGHT: 50-70 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Lobelia siphilitica
GREAT BLUE LOBELIA
  • Spikes of clear-blue flowers on unbranched stems
  • Tubular flowers are two-lipped
  • Finely toothed, oblong, green leaves

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Lobelia speciosa 'Vulcan Red'
CARDINAL FLOWER
  • Tubular, fiery-red flowers form tall spikes
  • Finely toothed, narrow, burgundy leaves
  • Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Lobelia x 'Compliment Deep Red'
CARDINAL FLOWER
  • AKA Lobelia 'Kompliment Tiefrot
  • Spikes of true red flowers on unbranched stems
  • Tubular flowers are two-lipped

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-55 cm

Lobelia x 'Queen Victoria'
CARDINAL FLOWER
  • Spikes of true red flowers on unbranched stems
  • Tubular flowers are two-lipped
  • Finely toothed, narrow, burgundy leaves

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Lysimachia ciliata 'Firecracker'
FRINGE LOOSESTRIFE
  • AKA Steironema ciliata 'Firecraker'
  • Solitary or paired star-shaped yellow flowers
  • Flowers appear slightly above or throughout the foliage

HEIGHT: 80-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Lysimachia clethroides
GOOSENECK LOOSESTRIFE
  • White flower spikes are made up of tiny saucer-shaped flowers
  • Flower spike tips point downwards like a goose's neck
  • Mid-green foliage turns red in the fall

HEIGHT: 75-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Lysimachia punctata
YELLOW LOOSESTRIFE
  • Clusters of yellow, cupped flowers at each leaf axil
  • Leaves are whorled, grouped in fours up the stems
  • Hairy, ovate, lanceolate-shaped, mid-green leaves are 6 cm long

HEIGHT: 50-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Mentha piperita
PEPPERMINT
  • Small sterile tubular pink flowers
  • Ovate lance-shaped toothed mid-green leaves on red stems
  • Plants are edible raw or cooked

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Mentha spicata
SPEARMINT
  • AKA Mentha viridis
  • Light purple flowers in interrupted terminal spikes
  • Spearmint-scented lance-shaped leaves

HEIGHT: 80-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-150 cm

Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata'
PINEAPPLE MINT
  • AKA Mentha rotundifolia 'Variegata'
  • Dense spikes of tiny mauve flowers in late summer
  • Variegated green with irregular white-edged leaves, 3-5 cm long

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-70 cm

Mimulus ringens
MONKEY FLOWER
  • AKA Diplacus ringens
  • Lilac-purple tubular two-lipped flowers
  • Individual flowers develop from the leaf axils of the upper stems

HEIGHT: 75-85 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Molinia caerulea
PURPLE MOOR GRASS
  • Low clump-forming grass with slightly coarse green foliage
  • Slender flower stalks rise well above the foliage, giving this grass an airy appearance
  • Purple flowers on flower stalks change to tan seeds as they age

HEIGHT: 40-70 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-70 cm

Myrica gale
SWEET GALE
  • AKA Myrica palustris
  • Upright, oval habit
  • Waxy yellow catkins appear before the leaves

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-100 cm

Nuphar lutea
YELLOW POND LILY
  • AKA Nuphar luteum
  • Hardy, aquatic perennial
  • Naturally found in shallow ponds and along stream borders

HEIGHT: 100-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-200 cm

Nymphaea odorata
WHITE WATERLILY
  • Large, fragrant, white flowers with central, yellow stamens
  • Flowers are composed of numerous, white petals and yellow stamens
  • Fragrant flowers open at dawn and close at noon each day

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 90-200 cm

Oenanthe javanica 'Flamingo'
JAVA WATERDROPWORT
  • Related to the parsley family
  • Tiny creamy-white umbels
  • Grown for its colourful foliage

HEIGHT: 25-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Onoclea sensibilis
SENSITIVE FERN
  • Broad, smooth, pale green fronds have wavy, deeply grooved, margined leaflets
  • Fronds emerge along long creeping rhizomes
  • In the spring, emerging fronds may have a coppery tone

HEIGHT: 30-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 90-120 cm

Osmunda cinnamomea
CINNAMON FERN
  • AKA Osmundastrum cinnamomeum
  • Erect mid-green lanceolate fronds
  • Narrow cinnamon-coloured fertile fronds appear in the spring

HEIGHT: 70-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Osmunda regalis
ROYAL FERN
  • Unique widely spaced oblong leaflets with a distinct central vein
  • Pale green leaves in sunlight
  • Deeper green in shade with reddish stems

HEIGHT: 90-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Peltandra virginica
GREEN ARROW ARUM
  • AKA Peltandra undulata
  • Tiny greenish-white flowers
  • Each flower is hidden by a long, 20 cm spathe

HEIGHT: 50-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Persicaria amphibia
WATER KNOTWEED
  • AKA Polygonum amphibium
  • Habitat includes shallow waters along lakes, ponds, ditches
  • Adaptable to short periods of drought

HEIGHT: 30-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 0-0 cm

Petasites frigidus var. palmatus 'Golden Palms'
GOLDEN COLTSFOOT
  • Flowers emerge before the foliage
  • Creamy-white flower clusters on sturdy stems
  • Foliage starts to emerge when the flowers finish

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Petasites japonicus giganteus
GIANT JAPANESE BUTTERBUR
  • Enormous, rounded leaves have a slight resemblance to rhubarb
  • Greenish-white flowers appear before the foliage
  • An imposing perennial to locate beside a pond or stream

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 120-150 cm

Phalaris arundinacea 'Dwarf Garters'
COMPACT RIBBON GRASS
  • Flat, strap-like, pink-tinted green and white leaves, 12 mm wide, 25 cm long
  • Erect panicles of pink flowers turn white but are not showy
  • Bloom Time: Summer

HEIGHT: 40-70 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-90 cm

Phalaris arundinacea Strawberries & Cream ('Feesey's Form')
STRAWBERRIES AND CREAM RIBBON GRASS
  • AKA Phalaris arundinacea 'Strawberries and Cream'
  • Flat strap-like pink-tinted green and white leaves, 15 mm wide, 30 cm long
  • Erect panicles of pink flowers turn white and are not showy

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Phalaris arundinacea 'Luteo-Picta'
GOLDEN RIBBON GRASS
  • Flat, strap-like, yellow-tinted green and yellow-cream leaves, 15 mm wide, 30 cm long
  • Erect panicles of pink flowers turn to white in the summer, not showy
  • Bloom Time: Summer

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Phalaris arundinacea 'Picta'
VARIEGATED RIBBON GRASS
  • Flat, strap-like, green and white leaves, 15 mm wide, 30 cm long
  • Erect panicles of pink flowers turn to white and are not showy
  • Seeds are sterile

HEIGHT: 70-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 70-150 cm

Phalaris arundinacea 'Tricolor'
TRICOLOR RIBBON GRASS
  • Flat, strap-like, green and white leaves, with a pink tint, 17 mm wide, 30 cm long
  • Erect panicles of pink flowers turn to white and are not showy
  • Bloom Time: Summer

HEIGHT: 70-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-150 cm

Physostegia virginiana
OBEDIENT PLANT
  • Upright, clumping habit
  • Dense spikes of pink to pale lilac, occasionally white, snapdragon-like flowers
  • Each flower is surrounded by a small, leaf-like bract

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Physostegia virginiana 'Variegata'
VARIEGATED OBEDIENT PLANT
  • Upright, clumping habit
  • Dense spikes of soft pink tubular snapdragon-like flowers
  • Narrow lance-shaped serrated leaves

HEIGHT: 55-65 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Physostegia virginiana 'Vivid'
OBEDIENT PLANT
  • Upright, clumping habit
  • Dense spikes of deep pink tubular snapdragon-like flowers
  • Narrow lance-shaped serrated green leaves

HEIGHT: 60-65 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Physostegia virginiana Crown of Snow ('White Crown')
FALSE DRAGONHEAD
  • AKA Physostegia virginiana 'White Crown'
  • Upright, clumping habit
  • Dense spikes of white tubular snapdragon-like flowers

HEIGHT: 60-65 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Pinellia tripartita 'Dragon Tails'
PINELLIA
  • Tri-lobed green leaves are irregularly splashed in creamy-yellow
  • Upright, lime-green and yellow fragrant hooded blooms
  • Flowers resemble those of a jack-in-the-pulpit

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Pontederia cordata
PICKERELWEED
  • Aquatic perennial with glossy green heart-shaped basal leaves
  • Unbranched smooth flower stalks
  • Violet-blue hyacinth-like flowers appear in closely packed terminal spikes

HEIGHT: 40-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Primula denticulata 'Ronsdorf hybids'
DRUMSTICK PRIMROSE
  • Thick stems bear spherical clusters of tubular flowers
  • Spoon-shaped fine-toothed mid-green basal leaves, 25 cm long
  • Mix of white, lilac or fuchsia flowers

HEIGHT: 20-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-45 cm

Primula florindae 'Keilour Hybrids'
GIANT COWSLIP
  • Hybrids can have flowers ranging in colour from orange, yellow, to coppery-red
  • Fragrant clusters of slender, nodding, bell-shaped flowers
  • Heart-shaped toothed mid-green basal leaves

HEIGHT: 40-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Primula polyantha Blue ('Pacific Giant Mix')
PRIMROSE
  • Fragrant deep blue overlapping petals and a yellow eye
  • Flowers form clusters on short, sturdy stems just above the foliage
  • Compact habit of dark green heavily corrugated oval leaves

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 cm

Primula polyantha Pink ('Pacific Giant Mix')
PINK PRIMROSE
  • Fragrant deep pink overlapping petals with a yellow eye, 5 cm across
  • Flowers form clusters on short, sturdy stems just above the foliage
  • Compact habit of dark green heavily corrugated oval leaves

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 cm

Primula polyantha Red ('Pacific Giant Mix')
RED PRIMROSE
  • Fragrant red overlapping petals with a yellow eye
  • Flowers form clusters on short, sturdy stems just above the foliage
  • Compact habit of dark green heavily corrugated oval leaves

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 cm

Primula polyantha White Flame ('Pacific Giant Mix')
WHITE PRIMROSE
  • Fragrant white overlapping petals with a yellow eye
  • Flowers form clusters on short, sturdy stems just above the foliage
  • Compact habit of dark green heavily corrugated oval leaves

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 cm

Primula polyantha Yellow ('Pacific Giant Mix')
YELLOW PRIMROSE
  • Fragrant yellow overlapping petals with a deeper yellow eye
  • Flowers form clusters on short, sturdy stems just above the foliage
  • Compact habit of dark green heavily corrugated oval leaves

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 cm

Primula polyantha Purple ('Pacific Giant Mix')
PURPLE PRIMROSE
  • Fragrant deep purple overlapping petals surround a yellow eye
  • Flowers form clusters on short, sturdy stems just above the foliage
  • Compact habit of dark green heavily corrugated oval leaves

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 cm

Primula rosea 'Gigas'
PINK BOG PRIMROSE
  • Clusters of magenta flowers with yellow centres appear before the foliage emerges
  • Foliage emerges reddish-bronze and matures to mid-green
  • Bloom Time: Early to mid-spring

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 cm

Primula vialii
CHINESE PAGODA PRIMROSE
  • Many pendent tubular flowers are held on dense, rocket-shaped spikes
  • Crimson-red buds open to lilac flowers, giving a bicolor effect
  • Tall, sturdy stems

HEIGHT: 25-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-35 cm

Pteridium aquilinum
BRACKEN FERN
  • Sturdy bright green triangular fronds
  • Found in large patches in wet or dry conditions
  • Single fronds emerge from spreading rhizomes

HEIGHT: 40-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-100 cm

Rheum palmatum var. tanguticum
ORNAMENTAL RHUBARB
  • **Harmful if ingested!!**
  • Grown for their large basal leaves and tall flower stalks
  • Crimson-purple leaves emerge from bright red buds

HEIGHT: 90-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 90-100 cm

Rodgersia pinnata
FEATHERLEAF RODGERSIA
  • Clump forming, rhizomatous perennial
  • Thick glossy heavily veined basal leaves
  • Deep green, chestnut-like leaves made up of 6-9 leaflets

HEIGHT: 70-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 70-75 cm

Rodgersia pinnata 'Chocolate Wing'
FEATHERLEAF RODGERSIA
  • Clump forming rhizomatous perennial
  • This cultivar is one of the species with the darkest foliage
  • Thick glossy heavily veined basal foliage

HEIGHT: 60-70 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-80 cm

Rodgersia pinnata 'Fireworks'
FEATHERLEAF RODGERSIA
  • Clump-forming rhizomatous perennial
  • Thick glossy heavily veined basal foliage
  • In early spring the foliage emerges bronzy-brown

HEIGHT: 55-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-70 cm

Rodgersia pinnata 'Superba'
FEATHERLEAF RODGERSIA
  • Clump forming rhizomatous perennial
  • Thick glossy heavily veined basal foliage
  • Deep green chestnut-like leaves made up of 6-9 leaflets

HEIGHT: 70-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 70-75 cm

Rodgersia x 'Bronze Peacock' (PP24780)
ROGER'S FLOWER
  • Clump forming rhizomatous perennial
  • It has some of the darkest foliage of the species
  • Thick glossy heavily veined basal foliage

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-70 cm

Rosa palustris
SWAMP ROSE
  • Fragrant single pink flowers
  • Red fruit persists into the winter
  • Medium green leaves turn dull red in the fall

HEIGHT: 150-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 150-175 cm

Sagittaria graminea
GRASS LEAF ARROWHEAD
  • Upright, rhizomatous spreader
  • Narrow long arrow-head-shaped mid-green foliage
  • Grows approximately 60 cm above water level

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-30 cm

Sagittaria latifolia
ARROWHEAD
  • Upright aquatic perennial
  • Long narrow chevron-shaped mid-green leaves
  • Grows approximately 60 cm above water level

HEIGHT: 30-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100 cm

Salix alba 'Tristis'
WEEPING GOLDEN WILLOW
  • Upright open rounded crown with pendulous golden branchlets
  • Young branches are golden-yellow, maturing to gray-brown and deeply furrowed
  • Flowers emerge yellow-white after the leaves emerge

HEIGHT: 15-20 m  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 m

Salix candida
SAGE-LEAVED WILLOW
  • Gray felt-like leaves
  • Large catkins emerge red or pink, before turning yellow
  • New shoots are white and woolly at first, then to a glossy red-brown

HEIGHT: 175-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-125 cm

Salix cottetii
BANKER'S WILLOW
  • Produces greenish-yellow catkins
  • Dark shiny leaves have paler undersides
  • Dwarf willow with a low, trailing habit

HEIGHT: 150-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 250-300 cm

Salix discolor
PUSSY WILLOW
  • Soft silky silvery catkins appear before the leaves
  • Medium-green leaves have downy gray-white undersides
  • Upright habit

HEIGHT: 5-6 m  ·  SPREAD: 125-150 cm

Salix exigua
SANDBAR WILLOW
  • AKA Salix interior
  • Yellowish-green catkins
  • Narrow silvery-gray leaves

HEIGHT: 3-4 m  ·  SPREAD: 5-6 m

Salix lucida
SHINING WILLOW
  • Yellow catkins appear after the leaves
  • Narrow dark green leaves are glossy above, and glossy light green below
  • Plant is called 'shining' because of its smooth, shiny leaves

HEIGHT: 5-6 m  ·  SPREAD: 5-6 m

Salix nigra
BLACK WILLOW
  • Small greenish-yellow catkins in early spring
  • Long, narrow, glossy green leaves turn yellow in the fall
  • Deeply fissured dark brown bark

HEIGHT: 18-20 m  ·  SPREAD: 4-5 m

Salix repens
CREEPING WILLOW
  • Silvery catkins mature to yellow
  • Narrow-oval silver-green leaves are whitish-green beneath
  • Spreads by creeping, procumbent stems

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-100 cm

Saururus cernuus
LIZARD'S TAIL
  • Rhizomatous marginal aquatic perennial
  • Naturally found in swamps or slow-moving rivers and ponds
  • Heart-shaped leaves are smooth and wavy on zig-zagged stems

HEIGHT: 50-90 cm

Saxifraga paniculata
ENCRUSTED SAXIFRAGE
  • AKA Saxifraga aizoon
  • Evergreen alpine species
  • Tall red stems bear loose clusters of tiny white flowers

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-30 cm

Saxifraga x 'Peter Pan'
MOSSY SAXIFRAGE
  • Very dense cushion of evergreen foliage
  • Tiny red flowers quickly fade to light pink
  • Flowers are produced on short stems

HEIGHT: 5-10 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-25 cm

Saxifraga x Touran™ Scarlet ('Rocklet') (PP19000, CPBRAF)
TOURAN™ SCARLET SAXIFRAGE
  • Very dense cushion of evergreen foliage
  • Cup-shaped scarlet-red flowers
  • Flowers are produced on short stems

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-25 cm

Saxifraga x 'Touran™ Pink'
TOURAN™ PINK SAXIFRAGE
  • Very dense cushion of evergreen foliage
  • Cup-shaped pink flowers
  • Flowers are produced on short stems

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-25 cm

Saxifraga x 'Triumph'
MOSSY SAXIFRAGE
  • Very dense cushion of evergreen foliage
  • Masses of fuchsia-pink and light pink flowers on short stems
  • Bloom Time: Early spring

HEIGHT: 5-10 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-25 cm

Saxifraga x 'White Pixie'
MOSSY SAXIFRAGE
  • Compact dwarf mounding habit
  • Very dense cushion of evergreen foliage
  • Masses of tiny white flowers

HEIGHT: 5-10 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-25 cm

Scirpus acutus
HARD STEM BULRUSH
  • AKA: Schoenoplectus acutus var. occidentalis
  • Scirpus are not grasses, they are perennial sedges
  • Upright cylindrical gray-green stems have 3 to 4 slender sheathed leaves at the base

HEIGHT: 100-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-100 cm

Scirpus atrovirens
DARK GREEN BULRUSH
  • Scirpus are not grasses, they are perennial sedges
  • Forms an open upright clump of dark green leaves branching from the main stems
  • Dark green culms, reaching 125 cm, develop clusters of inflorescences

HEIGHT: 90-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 90-125 cm

Scirpus cyperinus
WOOL GRASS
  • Scirpus are not grasses, they are perennial sedges
  • Forms short tufts of grass-like blades
  • Flowers rise above the foliage on narrow upright stems

HEIGHT: 100-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 90-125 cm

Scirpus fluviatilis
RIVER BULRUSH
  • Aka Bolboschoenus fluviatilis
  • Scirpus are not grasses, they are perennial sedges
  • Forms short tufts of grass-like blades

HEIGHT: 30-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Scirpus pungens
COMMON THREE SQUARE
  • AKA: Schoenoplectus pungens, Scirpus americanus
  • Scirpus are not grasses, they are perennial sedges
  • Triangular stems bear few blades up to 25 cm long

HEIGHT: 100-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-125 cm

Scirpus validus
SOFTSTEM BULRUSH
  • AKA: Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
  • Scirpus are not grasses, they are perennial sedges
  • Dark green spongy stems, up to 2 cm thick, are rounded-edged and triangular in cross-section

HEIGHT: 175-250 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-120 cm

Silphium perfoliatum
CUP PLANT
  • Bright yellow daisy-like flowers
  • Coarsely-toothed bristly oval green leaves are 20 cm long
  • Leaves are opposite each other and join together at stem to cup water

HEIGHT: 150-250 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Sparganium americanum
AMERICAN BUR-REED
  • An emergent aquatic
  • Long lance-shaped green leaves
  • Unique flowers and seedheads

HEIGHT: 90-125 cm

Sparganium eurycarpum
GIANT BUR-REED
  • AKA Sparganium californicum
  • An emergent aquatic
  • Unique flowers and seedheads

HEIGHT: 90-125 cm

Spartina pectinata
PRAIRIE CORD GRASS
  • Main stems (culms) are round, up to 225 cm long
  • Green leaves, alternate, up to 60 cm long, emerge from the lower half of the stems
  • Arching thick blades with prominent midribs have sharp edges

HEIGHT: 175-225 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-120 cm

Spartina pectinata 'Aureomarginata'
VARIEGATED CORD GRASS
  • AKA Spartina pectinata 'Variegata'
  • Main stems (culms) are round, up to 250 cm
  • Yellow-edged green leaves, alternate, up to 60 cm long, emerge from the lower half of the stems

HEIGHT: 150-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-100 cm

Spiranthes cernua var. odorata 'Chadd's Ford'
FRAGRANT LADY'S TRESSES
  • Tiny white flowers form spiral racemes on upright stems
  • Silvery-green lance-shaped basal rosettes slowly form colonies
  • Naturalizes in moist soils, bogs or swamps

HEIGHT: 25-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-30 cm

Symplocarpus foetidus
SKUNK CABBAGE
  • Maroon spathe opens on one side to reveal green-yellow flowers (spadix)
  • Large green leaves unfold as flowers fade
  • Foliage reaches its maximum size by early summer (60cm x 30cm)

HEIGHT: 40-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60 cm

Taxodium distichum
COMMON BALD CYPRESS
  • Deciduous conifer
  • Upright pyramidal with nearly horizontal branching
  • Soft feathery flat needles green in the summer

HEIGHT: 15-25 m  ·  SPREAD: 7-10 m

Taxodium distichum 'Cascade Falls' (PP12296)
CASCADE FALLS BALD CYPRESS
  • Deciduous conifer
  • Typically top-grafted, with a compact weeping crown
  • Branches grow outward from the stem, then drop vertically to the ground

HEIGHT: 175-250 cm  ·  SPREAD: 125-200 cm

Taxodium distichum 'Falling Waters'
FALLING WATERS BALD CYPRESS
  • Deciduous conifer
  • A true weeper with graceful, cascading branches
  • Furrowed bark and golden fall colour

HEIGHT: 4-5 m  ·  SPREAD: 4-5 m

Tiarella cordifolia
FOAM FLOWER
  • Rhizomatous perennial vigorously spreads by trailing stolons
  • Heart-shaped to maple-shaped leaves with 3-5 lobes, 10 cm across
  • Leaves may develop reddish variegation along the veins

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Tiarella cordifolia 'Running Tapestry'
FOAM FLOWER
  • Rhizomatous perennial vigorously spreads by trailing stolons
  • Heart-shaped leaves with 3-5 lobes, 10 cm across
  • Leaves develop reddish variegation along the veins

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Tiarella wherryi
WHERRY'S FOAM FLOWER
  • AKA Tiarella cordifolia var. collina
  • Compact, clump forming perennial, with a non-trailing form
  • Slower growing cultivar producing hairy, sharply lobed leaves

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-25 cm

Tiarella x 'Candy Striper' (PP15528)
FOAM FLOWER
  • Compact clump forming perennial with a non-trailing form
  • Slower growing than the species producing hairy sharply lobed green leaves with maroon-red stripes
  • Pink buds open to tiny star-shaped fragrant white flowers forming spike-like racemes

HEIGHT: 20-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 35-40 cm

Tiarella x 'Happy Trails' (PP21933, COPF)
FOAM FLOWER
  • Rhizomatous perennial vigorously spreads by trailing stolons
  • Heart-shaped leaves with lobed margins
  • Leaves develop distinct black markings along the veins

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Tiarella x 'Iron Butterfly' (PP12396, COPF)
FOAM FLOWER
  • Compact clump forming perennial with a non-trailing form
  • Deeply lobed leaves are dark green with black central blotches and veining
  • Pink buds open to tiny star-shaped soft pink flowers on spike-like racemes

HEIGHT: 20-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-35 cm

Tiarella x 'Mystic Mist' (PP21282, PVR)
FOAM FLOWER
  • Compact clump forming perennial with a non-trailing form
  • Slower growing than others producing hairy sharply-lobed leaves
  • White-speckled green leaves have a distinct red veining

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Tiarella x 'Neon Lights' (PP13289)
FOAM FLOWER
  • Compact clump forming perennial with a non-trailing form
  • Huge palmate leaves are dark green with black central blotches and veining
  • Pink buds open to tiny soft pink star-shaped flowers forming spike-like racemes

HEIGHT: 20-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-55 cm

Tiarella x 'Pink Skyrocket' (PP13382, COPF)
FOAM FLOWER
  • Clump forming mounding habit with a non-trailing form
  • Deeply cut green foliage with red veining
  • Pink buds open to tiny pale pink star-shaped flowers forming spike-like racemes

HEIGHT: 12-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-35 cm

Tiarella x 'Pirate's Patch' (PP14907, COPF)
FOAM FLOWER
  • Compact clump forming perennial with a non-trailing form
  • Maple-like leaves are dark green with maroon central blotches and veining
  • Pink buds open to tiny white star-shaped flowers forming spike-like racemes

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-45 cm

Tiarella x 'Spring Symphony' (PP12397, COPF)
FOAM FLOWER
  • Compact clump forming habit with a non-trailing form
  • Deeply cut green foliage with a black colour along the midrib
  • Spiked pink buds open to tiny star-shaped pale pink flowers

HEIGHT: 15-17 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Tiarella x 'Sugar and Spice' (PP16738, COPF)
FOAM FLOWER
  • Compact clump forming perennial with a non-trailing form
  • Sharply lobed leaves are dark green with maroon central blotches and veining
  • Pink buds open to tiny star-shaped pink and white flowers forming spike-like racemes

HEIGHT: 20-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Typha angustifolia
NARROWLEAF CATTAIL
  • Clumping spreading stands of narrow sword-like leaves
  • Central flower stalks are equal to the height of the leaves
  • Male and female flowers are held separately

HEIGHT: 175-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 200-500 cm

Typha latifolia
BROADLEAF CATTAIL
  • Clumping spreading stands of sword-like leaves
  • Central flower stalks, equal to the height of the leaves, hold male and female flowers
  • Cylindrical flowers turn brown after fertilization

HEIGHT: 125-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 200-500 cm

Typha latifolia 'Variegata'
VARIEGATED CATTAIL
  • Clumping spreading stands of sword-like leaves have creamy-white centre stripes
  • Central flower stalks are equal to the height of the leaves and hold male and female flowers
  • Cylindrical flowers turn brown after fertilization

HEIGHT: 120-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 120-150 cm

Typha laxmannii
DWARF CATTAIL / GRACEFUL CATTAIL
  • Clumping, spreading stands of narrow sword-like leaves
  • Central flower stalks equal to the height of the leaves
  • Male and female flowers are held separately

HEIGHT: 100-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 200-500 cm

Verbena hastata
BLUE VERVAIN
  • Clump forming with a stiff upright habit
  • Candelabra-like flowers on pencil-like spikes
  • Blooms are purplish-blue

HEIGHT: 125-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Woodwardia virginica
VIRGINIA CHAIN FERN
  • AKA Anchistea virginica
  • Deeply cut leathery green fronds
  • Thick black central stem

HEIGHT: 50-70 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm