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Abies balsamea
BALSAM FIR
  • Grows in a pyramidal, open habit
  • Needles are emerald-green
  • One of the most aromatic of all firs

HEIGHT: 18-20 m  ·  SPREAD: 6-8 m

Acer circinatum
VINE MAPLE
  • Dense, rounded to vase-shaped form with irregular branching
  • White flowers emerge before the leaves
  • Red two-winged samaras turn brown before dropping in the summer

HEIGHT: 12-15 m  ·  SPREAD: 9-12 m

Acer negundo
BOXELDER MAPLE
  • Medium-sized tree with irregular branching
  • Pinnate, compound leaves are light green on top, paler green below
  • Leaflets vary in shape

HEIGHT: 14-18 m  ·  SPREAD: 12-16 m

Acer nigrum
BLACK MAPLE
  • A subspecies of Sugar maple, better adapted to hot, dry conditions
  • Leaves have a rougher texture than the sugar maple, with its lobes typically drooping downward
  • Light green summer foliage turns bright yellow in the fall, at times orange to red

HEIGHT: 15-17 m  ·  SPREAD: 7-8 m

Acer pensylvanicum
STRIPED MAPLE
  • Small, rounded, irregular crown
  • Yellow-green bell-shaped flowers appear in long hanging clusters
  • Three-lobed leaves emerge with pink hues in the spring

HEIGHT: 7-8 m  ·  SPREAD: 6-7 m

Acer rubrum
RED MAPLE
  • Small to medium-sized broad-leaved hardwood
  • Crown is small, dense and narrow with spreading or ascending branches
  • Flowers appear in bright red clusters

HEIGHT: 12-15 m  ·  SPREAD: 10-12 m

Acer saccharinum
SILVER MAPLE
  • Fast-growing, tall, with a rounded, open, spreading crown
  • Small yellow flowers appear in clusters before the foliage
  • Deeply lobed light green leaves have silvery undersides

HEIGHT: 18-20 m  ·  SPREAD: 15-18 m

Acer saccharum
SUGAR MAPLE
  • Upright growing, with a dense rounded crown
  • Insignificant flowers appear just before the leaves
  • Fruit (samaras in pairs) ripen early fall

HEIGHT: 25-30 m  ·  SPREAD: 15-18 m

Acer saccharum 'Arrowhead'
ARROWHEAD MAPLE
  • Dense, upright, pyramidal habit
  • Insignificant flowers appear just before the leaves
  • Fruit (samaras in pairs) ripen early fall

HEIGHT: 15-18 m  ·  SPREAD: 8-10 m

Acer saccharum Steeple® ('Astis')
STEEPLE SUGAR® MAPLE
  • Upright oval shape
  • Dark green foliage turns yellow-orange in the fall
  • Heat tolerant and drought resistant

HEIGHT: 14-16 m  ·  SPREAD: 8-9 m

Acer saccharum Fall Fiesta® ('Bailsta') (PP11119)
FALL FIESTA® SUGAR MAPLE
  • Rounded, upright shape
  • Insignificant yellow-green flowers
  • Dark green foliage in the spring and summer

HEIGHT: 15-18 m  ·  SPREAD: 13-15 m

Acer saccharum Apollo® ('Barrett Cole')
APOLLO® SUGAR MAPLE
  • Uniquely narrow with dense branching and a compact, columnar form
  • Dark green foliage withstands summer heat
  • Vibrant red, golden-yellow, and orange in the fall

HEIGHT: 8-9 m  ·  SPREAD: 2-3 m

Acer saccharum 'Bonfire'
BONFIRE MAPLE
  • Fast-growing, densely branched, oval to rounded habit
  • Foliage is medium green in the summer
  • Brilliant yellow, orange to red leaves in the fall

HEIGHT: 12-15 m  ·  SPREAD: 10-12 m

Acer saccharum 'Columnare'
COLUMNAR SUGAR MAPLE
  • Narrow, upright crown, typically branched to the ground
  • Foliage is green in the summer, becoming orange-red in the fall
  • Use individually for a vertical accent, or in a row for screening

HEIGHT: 10-12 m  ·  SPREAD: 2-3 m

Acer saccharum 'Commemoration'
COMMEMORATION SUGAR MAPLE
  • Columnar, vase-shaped habit
  • Small, creamy-yellow flowers appear before the leaves
  • Leaves are thick and leathery and tatter resistant

HEIGHT: 14-15 m  ·  SPREAD: 9-10 m

Acer saccharum 'Endowment' (PP4654)
ENDOWMENT SUGAR MAPLE
  • Extremely narrow, upright, branching habit
  • Foliage is dark green in the summer
  • Vibrant yellow to orange leaves in the fall

HEIGHT: 15-17 m  ·  SPREAD: 4-6 m

Acer saccharum Majesty® ('Flax Mill') (PP5273)
MAJESTY® SUGAR MAPLE
  • Large oval growth habit
  • Foliage is dark green in the summer, turning orange-red in the fall
  • A showy specimen for any large lawn or park

HEIGHT: 19-20 m  ·  SPREAD: 13-14 m

Acer saccharum 'Green Mountain' (PP2339)
GREEN MOUNTAIN SUGAR MAPLE
  • Broad, pyramidal habit with a strong, central leader, becoming oval with maturity
  • Summer foliage is dark green on top and pale green beneath
  • Brilliant red to burnt orange, fall colour

HEIGHT: 18-20 m  ·  SPREAD: 15-17 m

Acer saccharum Unity® ('Jefcan')
UNITY® SUGAR MAPLE
  • Slow-growing, pyramidal to oval crown
  • Green leaves hang from longer than normal petioles
  • Fall foliage is yellow to orange-red

HEIGHT: 10-12 m  ·  SPREAD: 7-8 m

Acer saccharum Flashfire® ('JFS-Caddo2') (PP23361)
FLASHFIRE® SUGAR MAPLE
  • Selected from the Caddo Mountain seedings
  • Broadly oval habit
  • Dark green foliage in summer

HEIGHT: 13-14 m  ·  SPREAD: 12-13 m

Acer saccharum Autumn Fest® ('JFS-KW8') (PP22034)
AUTUMN FEST® SUGAR MAPLE
  • Upright growth habit with a strong central leader
  • Faster growing than most sugar maple cultivars
  • Dark green foliage in the summer

HEIGHT: 14-15 m  ·  SPREAD: 10-11 m

Acer saccharum 'Legacy' (PP4979)
LEGACY SUGAR MAPLE
  • Densely branched, rounded to oval form
  • Dark, shiny, green leaves in the summer
  • Fall foliage is bright red to orange with some golden-yellow

HEIGHT: 17-20 m  ·  SPREAD: 12-14 m

Acer saccharum 'Super Sweet'
SUPER SWEET SUGAR MAPLE
  • Developed for its sap and maple syrup production
  • Upright growing, with a dense rounded crown
  • Lush green foliage through the summer

HEIGHT: 20-25 m  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 m

Acer spicatum
MOUNTAIN MAPLE
  • Large shrub or small tree; not normally formal
  • Leaves are dull, textured, and light green
  • Small white flowers form spiky racemes

HEIGHT: 6-7 m  ·  SPREAD: 2-3 m

Achillea ptarmica 'The Pearl'
SNEEZEWORT
  • Quick spreading, rhizomatous perennial
  • Tight, button-like, double, white flowers
  • Lance-shaped, dark green leaves with fine-toothed margins

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Acorus americanus
SWEET FLAG
  • Hardy perennial, swamp or bog plant
  • Foliage and rhizomes have a sweet citrus scent when bruised or cut
  • Wheat-like flowers

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 70-90 cm

Actaea pachypoda
WHITE BANEBERRY
  • Jagged green leaves on strong, reddish stems
  • Clusters of fragrant white flowers
  • After flowering, tiny white berries appear

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Actaea pachypoda 'Misty Blue'
DOLL'S EYES
  • Sport of Actaea pachypoda
  • White flowers produce white berries
  • Mounds of bluish-green leaves on reddish stems

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Actaea rubra
RED BANEBERRY
  • Lightly scented delicate white flowers
  • Fine-textured foliage with an airy habit
  • After flowering, red berry clusters appear

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Adiantum pedatum
NORTHERN MAIDENHAIR FERN
  • Delicate bright green fronds with black-purple stems
  • Spreads by shallow rhizomes to form a dense ground cover
  • Slower growing fern, taking 2-3 years to reach mature size

HEIGHT: 30-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Adiantum venustum
HIMALAYAN MAIDENHAIR FERN
  • Black stems holding small, delicate, soft green leaves
  • Slower growing fern, taking 2-3 years to reach mature size
  • Foliage can be an interesting texture in arrangements

HEIGHT: 20-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Agastache foeniculum
ANISE HYSSOP
  • AKA Agastache anethiodora, Agastache anisata
  • Tall, upright, clumping perennial
  • Dense spikes of lavender-purple flowers with violet bracts

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 70-90 cm

Agastache foeniculum 'Blue Fortune'
ANISE HYSSOP
  • Spikes of long lasting blue flowers
  • Licorice-scented green foliage
  • Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Agastache foeniculum 'Golden Jubilee'
GOLDEN JUBILEE HYSSOP
  • Spikes of fragrant blue flowers
  • Deadheading will prolong the flowering time
  • Chartreuse coleus-like foliage

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Agastache scrophulariaefolia
PURPLE GIANT HYSSOP
  • Strong, tall central stems
  • Blooms are pale purple and open slowly over a period of weeks
  • They are nectar-rich makes them highly attractive to pollinators

HEIGHT: 125-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Agastache x 'Black Adder'
HYSSOP
  • Dark purple-black buds open to violet-blue flowers
  • Upright, clump forming habit
  • Licorice-scented foliage

HEIGHT: 90-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Agastache x 'Blue Boa' (PP24050, COPF)
HYSSOP
  • Deep violet-blue spikes over green foliage
  • Flowers are long, wide and extremely showy
  • Drought tolerant when established

HEIGHT: 45-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Agastache x 'Cotton Candy' (PP20991, COPF)
HUMMINGBIRD MINT
  • Dense upright spikes of pink flowers
  • Green foliage with a low branching habit
  • Easy and vigorous grower

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-45 cm

Alisma plantago-aquatica
BROADLEAF WATER PLANTAIN
  • Airy, white flowers
  • Clump forming perennial with hairless, plantain-like foliage emerging in early spring
  • Foliage stands 60 cm above the waterline

HEIGHT: 60-70 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Allium cernuum
NODDING ONION
  • A bulb that produces grass-like leaves
  • Flowers are commonly pink and sometimes white
  • Flowers mature into fruit opening to show glossy dark seeds

HEIGHT: 45-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Allium christophii
STAR OF PERSIA
  • A bulbous perennial with large, spherical, pale lavender flower heads
  • Strap-like, gray-green, basal leaves form a clump of foliage
  • Blooms appear as leaves begin to die back

HEIGHT: 30-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Allium schoenoprasum 'Forescate'
GIANT-FLOWERED CHIVES
  • 'Forescate' is taller and more vigorous than the species
  • Deep pink to purple spherical flowers
  • Both the leaves and the flowers are edible

HEIGHT: 25-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 35-40 cm

Allium schoenoprasum 'Rising Star'
CHIVES
  • 'Rising Star' is shorter and more vigorous than the species
  • Spherical lavender flowers
  • Fine-textured, gray-green, grass-like foliage

HEIGHT: 25-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Alnus rugosa
SPECKLED ALDER
  • Pyramidal to oval growth habit
  • Noted for its speckled bark
  • Oval to rounded leaves, margins uneven and double-toothed

HEIGHT: 13-15 m  ·  SPREAD: 8-10 m

Amelanchier alnifolia
SASKATOON BERRY
  • Lightly fragrant white flowers are held erect
  • Sweet black-blue berries are good for eating and making jelly
  • Gray-green foliage turns to brilliant yellow-orange in the fall

HEIGHT: 250-300 cm  ·  SPREAD: 150-200 cm

Amelanchier alnifolia Standing Ovation™ ('Obelisk')
STANDING OVATION™ SERVICEBERRY
  • Upright, uniform habit with a slender form
  • Fragrant white flowers cover the plant in the spring
  • Flowers lead to edible berries appearing white, changing to red, then dark blue

HEIGHT: 300-350 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-125 cm

Amelanchier alnifolia 'Regent'
REGENT SASKATOON BERRY
  • Lightly fragrant white flowers are held erect
  • Sweet black-blue berries are good for eating and making jelly
  • Gray-green foliage turns to brilliant yellow-orange in the fall

HEIGHT: 125-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 200-250 cm

Amelanchier canadensis
SERVICEBERRY
  • White flowers
  • Grayish-green round leaves turn to medium-green in the summer
  • Brilliant yellow to red colour in the fall

HEIGHT: 5-6 m  ·  SPREAD: 3-4 m

Amelanchier canadensis Rainbow Pillar® ('Glenn Form') (PP9092)
RAINBOW PILLAR® SERVICEBERRY
  • Dense upright narrow form of amelanchier
  • Clusters of fragrant showy white flowers appear before the leaves
  • Attractive to birds, sweet black berries are produced in June

HEIGHT: 5-6 m  ·  SPREAD: 2-3 m

Amelanchier humilis
LOW SHADBUSH
  • White flowers are held in erect clusters
  • Oval to rounded green foliage
  • Brilliant yellow to red foliage in the fall

HEIGHT: 150-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 250-300 cm

Amelanchier laevis
ALLEGHENY SERVICEBERRY
  • Lightly fragrant drooping clusters of white flowers appear before the foliage
  • Edible red berries ripen to dark purplish-black in June
  • Glossy leaves emerge bronzish-purple, maturing to dark green

HEIGHT: 4-5 m  ·  SPREAD: 4-5 m

Amelanchier laevis 'Cumulus'
CUMULUS SERVICEBERRY
  • Upright growing, with a pyramidal to oval habit
  • Pure white flowers cover the whole plant before the leaves emerge
  • Red berries appear in the summer, ripening to black by fall

HEIGHT: 8-9 m  ·  SPREAD: 5-6 m

Amelanchier laevis Spring Flurry® ('JFS-Arb') (PP15304)
SPRING FLURRY® SERVICEBERRY
  • Upright oval growth habit with a strong central leader
  • Pure white flowers cover the whole plant in spring
  • Fruit is a small, edible, purple-blue berry

HEIGHT: 9-10 m  ·  SPREAD: 5-6 m

Amelanchier lamarckii
JUNEBERRY
  • Lightly fragrant, loose clusters of white flowers appear before the leaves
  • Edible red berries ripen to dark purplish-black in June
  • Glossy leaves emerge bronzish-purple, maturing to dark green

HEIGHT: 9-10 m  ·  SPREAD: 4-5 m

Amelanchier x grandiflora
APPLE SERVICEBERRY
  • Drooping clusters of light pink flowers fade to white, appearing before the leaves
  • Edible red berries ripen to dark purplish-black in June, attracting birds and other wildlife
  • Glossy leaves emerge bronzish-purple, maturing to dark green

HEIGHT: 5-6 m  ·  SPREAD: 4-5 m

Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Autumn Brilliance' (PP5717)
AUTUMN BRILLIANCE SERVICEBERRY
  • Upright oval growth habit
  • Slightly fragrant showy white flowers in drooping clusters
  • Edible fruit shows green, then red, and finally purple-blue

HEIGHT: 8-9 m  ·  SPREAD: 5-7 m

Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Ballerina'
BALLERINA SERVICEBERRY
  • Neatly branched broad upright habit
  • Flowers are white and relatively large
  • Foliage is dark green and oval, with a fine serration at the edges

HEIGHT: 5-6 m  ·  SPREAD: 4-5 m

Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Cole's Select'
COLE'S SELECT SERVICEBERRY
  • Upright spreading habit
  • Young leaves emerge purplish, turning to medium-green
  • White flowers are followed by red to purplish-black berries

HEIGHT: 5-6 m  ·  SPREAD: 4-5 m

Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Princess Diana'
PRINCESS DIANA SERVICEBERRY
  • Lightly fragrant loose clusters of white flowers appear before the leaves
  • Edible red berries ripen to dark purplish-black in June
  • Glossy leaves emerge bronzish-purple, maturing to dark green

HEIGHT: 5-6 m  ·  SPREAD: 3-4 m

Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Robin Hill'
ROBIN HILL SERVICEBERRY
  • Oval-shaped crown with slightly ascending branches
  • Soft pale pink flowers fade to white before the leaves emerge
  • Sweet juicy edible blue-black fruit

HEIGHT: 6-8 m  ·  SPREAD: 4-5 m

Ammophila breviligulata
AMERICAN BEACH GRASS
  • Long, narrow, soft-textured golden-tan flower spikes
  • Gray-green leaf blades are narrow, with extremely sharp tips
  • This is a great low-maintenance grass for erosion control

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-125 cm

Amorpha canescens
LEAD PLANT
  • Woody perennial
  • Tiny bluish-purple flower spikes with gold anthers
  • Pinnately compound grayish-green leaflets

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Anaphalis margaritacea
PEARLY EVERLASTING
  • Small white button-like flowers with yellow centres
  • Forms a bushy mound of hairy silver-gray foliage
  • Often found along roadsides and in disturbed areas

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-60 cm

Andropogon gerardii
BIG BLUE STEM
  • Dense, slightly arching clump of blue-green leaves
  • Leaves turn a bronze-red in the fall and colour remains through the winter months
  • Three-pronged burgundy-purple seed heads are held on sturdy stems

HEIGHT: 150-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-100 cm

Andropogon gerardii 'Indian Warrior' (PP24999)
BIG BLUE STEM
  • Dense, upright clump of blue-green leaves
  • Leaves turn a bronze-red in the fall and colour remains throughout the winter months
  • Three-pronged purple seed heads are held on sturdy stems

HEIGHT: 150-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Andropogon gerardii 'Red October' (PPAF)
BIG BLUE STEM
  • Foliage emerges deep green with red highlights in the spring
  • Leaves turn a reddish-bronze with lavender tones in autumn
  • Deep burgundy-purple seed heads are three-pronged on sturdy stems

HEIGHT: 150-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-100 cm

Andropogon virginicus
BROOM SEDGE
  • Narrow clumps of green stems and leaves turn purplish-red
  • Fall colour is a bright orange changing to straw-yellow in the winter
  • Prolific seed producer with high germination rates

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-60 cm

Anemone canadensis
CANADA ANEMONE
  • Other common names: Windflower, Meadow anemone
  • Single layered white blooms with yellow centres
  • A robust perennial with deeply lobed green foliage

HEIGHT: 30-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Anemone cylindrica
WINDFLOWER
  • Upright slender habit and clumping form
  • Deeply lobed green, basal leaves
  • Greenish-white blooms produce thimble-shaped seed heads

HEIGHT: 30-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 70-150 cm

Anemone hupehensis var. japonica 'Pamina'
JAPANESE ANEMONE
  • Delicate nodding semi-double rose-pink flowers
  • Lustrous green dense foliage
  • A low-maintenance compact selection

HEIGHT: 50-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Anemone sylvestris
SNOWDROP WINDFLOWER
  • Delicate nodding white flowers
  • Yellow stamens centre the white cup-shaped flowers
  • Low mound of dense, fern-like foliage

HEIGHT: 30-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-40 cm

Anemone x hybrida 'Curtain Call Deep Rose' (PPAF)
JAPANESE ANEMONE
  • Bright rose pink flowers above a compact mound of green foliage
  • The flowers produce a double row of petals on short stems
  • Attractive glossy green foliage

HEIGHT: 40-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Anemone x hybrida 'Honorine Jobert'
JAPANESE ANEMONE
  • Poppy-like single white blooms on tall stems make excellent cut flowers
  • Deep green foliage on branching stems
  • Deer and rabbit resistant

HEIGHT: 90-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Anemone x hybrida Queen Charlotte ('Konigin Charlotte')
JAPANESE ANEMONE
  • Semi-double soft pink flowers
  • Divided dark green clematis-like leaves
  • Flowers add height to these late-blooming plants

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 24-30 cm

Anemone x hybrida 'Party Dress' (PP13844)
JAPANESE ANEMONE
  • Outstanding double flowering pink with yellow-green centres
  • Attractive glossy green foliage
  • Deer and rabbit resistant

HEIGHT: 75-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-80 cm

Anemone x hybrida 'September Charm'
WINDFLOWER
  • AKA: Anemone hupensis var. japonica 'September Charm'
  • Tall stems of single pink flowers
  • Flowers arch above dark green airy foliage

HEIGHT: 75-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-75 cm

Anemone x hybrida 'Sweetly' (PP31089)
FALL IN LOVE™ JAPANESE ANEMONE
  • Rich pink flowers in early fall
  • Semi-double flowers above large mound of dark green foliage
  • Deer and rabbit resistant

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Anemone x hybrida 'Whirlwind'
JAPANESE ANEMONE
  • Large white semi-double blooms with yellow centres
  • Attractive mounds of rich dark green leaves
  • Blooms freely and continuously until frost

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Anemonella thalictroides
RUE ANEMONE
  • AKA Thalictrum thalictroides, Syndesmon thalictroides
  • Reddish stems and foliage emerge in late March
  • Small dainty pale pink to white flowers with yellow-green centres rise just above the foliage

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 cm

Antennaria plantaginifolia
PUSSYTOES
  • Stoloniferous, mat-forming perennial
  • Fuzzy white flower heads tinged with pink
  • Silver green foliage

HEIGHT: 30-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Anthemis tinctoria 'Kelwayi'
GOLDEN MARGUERITE
  • An abundance of yellow daisy-like flowers
  • Deeply cut lacy foliage
  • Good cut flower, fresh or dried

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Aquilegia canadensis
WILD COLUMBINE
  • Showy, nodding, bell-shaped flowers of pinkish-red and yellow
  • Attractive divided light green foliage
  • Naturalizing plant for rocky ledges or slopes and along woodland edges or ditches

HEIGHT: 40-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Aquilegia canadensis 'Corbett'
GOLDEN WILD COLUMBINE
  • An abundance of yellow lantern-like flowers
  • Attractive divided light green foliage
  • Naturalizing plant for rocky ledges or slopes and along woodland edges or ditches

HEIGHT: 20-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Aquilegia vulgaris 'Nora Barlow'
COLUMBINE
  • Unique blossoms are fully double
  • Petals are red and pink with greenish-white margins
  • Clumps of gray-greenlobed foliage

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Aquilegia x 'Blue Bird'
COLUMBINE
  • Upward-facing flowers over compact foliage
  • Bicoloured flowers with light blue sepals and white petals
  • Fern-like gray-green foliage

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Aquilegia x 'Bunting'
COLUMBINE
  • Upward-facing flowers over compact foliage
  • Bicoloured flowers with sky-blue sepals and white petals
  • Fern-like gray-green foliage

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Aquilegia x 'Cardinal'
COLUMBINE
  • Upward-facing flowers over compact foliage
  • Bicoloured flowers with red sepals and white petals
  • Fern-like gray-green foliage

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Aquilegia x 'Dove'
COLUMBINE
  • Upward-facing flowers over compact foliage
  • White flowers have contrasting yellow stamens
  • Fern-like gray-green foliage

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Aquilegia x 'Goldfinch'
COLUMBINE
  • Upward-facing yellow flowers over compact foliage
  • Fern-like gray-green foliage
  • Bloom Time: Late spring to early summer

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Aquilegia x 'Green Apples'
CLEMATIS-FLOWERED COLUMBINE
  • Cultivar of clematiflora
  • Lime-green buds form mid-spring
  • Clusters of double, clematis-like, creamy-white flowers

HEIGHT: 50-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-60 cm

Aquilegia x 'Robin'
COLUMBINE
  • Upward-facing flowers over compact foliage
  • Bicoloured flowers with rose sepals and white petals
  • Fern-like gray-green foliage

HEIGHT: 30-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Arisaema consanguineum
HIMALAYAN JACK-IN-THE-PULPIT
  • Numerous, narrow leaflets with slender, drip tips crown each stem
  • Unusual hooded or cobra-like flowers are pure green to white with brown stripes
  • Flowers are surrounded by a green spadix

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Arisaema griffithii
GRIFFITH'S COBRA LILY
  • The spathe or pulpit is large, fat and borne at ground level
  • The spathe is hooded and deeply veined with green over dark purple-brown
  • Trifoliate leaves with prominent, dark veins on the undersides form a wrinkly umbrella over the spathe

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm

Arisaema triphyllum
JACK-IN-THE-PULPIT
  • AKA Arisaema atrorubens
  • Unique upright club-shaped spadix with hoods of green and maroon
  • Attractive maroon stems

HEIGHT: 30-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-30 cm

Aronia melanocarpa 'Viking'
BLACK CHOKEBERRY
  • Fragrant white flowers
  • Glossy purple-black berries persist for a long period
  • Shiny green foliage turns to an outstanding red in the fall

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-100 cm

Artemisia ludoviciana
SILVER SAGEBRUSH
  • Fragrant silver foliage turning slightly pink to orange in the fall
  • Tiny silvery-white flower buds open to yellow
  • Excellent for erosion control on slopes and in ditches

HEIGHT: 60-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 90-100 cm

Aruncus dioicus
GOAT'S BEARD
  • Large white plumes form above lacy green foliage
  • Excellent background plant for shady, moist spots
  • Great massing perennial

HEIGHT: 120-180 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-150 cm

Asarum canadense
WILD GINGER
  • Deep red to brown flowers
  • Flowers are hidden under velvety dark green heart-shaped foliage
  • Native to the Ontario woodlands

HEIGHT: 20-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Asclepias incarnata
SWAMP MILKWEED
  • Pink flowers are followed by attractive seed pods
  • Food source for Monarch butterflies
  • Commonly found in swamps or wetland landscapes

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Asclepias incarnata 'Ice Ballet'
MILKWEED
  • Vanilla-scented white flowers are followed by attractive seed pods
  • Food source for Monarch butterflies
  • Commonly found in swamps or wetland landscapes

HEIGHT: 90-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Asclepias syriaca
COMMON MILKWEED
  • Pinkish-purple flowers
  • Attractive seed pods remain when flowers finish
  • Naturally found in open fields and along roadsides

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Asclepias tuberosa
BUTTERFLY MILKWEED
  • Round clusters of orange flowers
  • Attractive seed heads appear when flowers finish
  • Food source for Monarch butterflies

HEIGHT: 30-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Asclepias tuberosa 'Hello Yellow'
BUTTERFLY MILKWEED
  • Yellow flowers
  • Attractive seed heads appear when flowers finish
  • Cultivar of the native Asclepias tuberosa

HEIGHT: 45-70 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Asclepias verticillata
WHORLED MILKWEED
  • Narrow whorled green foliage
  • Sweet-scented, greenish-white flowers
  • Thin seed pods are left when flowers finish

HEIGHT: 30-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-30 cm

Asimina triloba
PAWPAW
  • Small low branching tree, forming a dense pyramidal rounded crown
  • Cup-shaped purple flowers
  • Large, slightly drooping, elliptical green leaves

HEIGHT: 6-8 m  ·  SPREAD: 5-6 m

Asplenium scolopendrium
HART'S TONGUE FERN
  • AKA Phyllitis scolopendrium, Scolopendrium vulgare
  • Low, upward-growing clumps of glossy, narrow, strap-like, leathery foliage
  • Edges are often wavy

HEIGHT: 30-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Asplenium scolopendrium 'Angustifolia'
NARROW LEAVED FERN
  • AKA Phyllitis scolopendrium 'Angustifolia'
  • Low, upward-growing clumps of glossy, narrow, strap-like, leathery foliage with deeply serrated edges
  • Spores darken with age on leaf undersides in a herring-bone format

HEIGHT: 30-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Aster alpinus var. vierhapperi
ALPINE ASTER
  • AKA Aster culminis
  • Low-growing ground cover with green foliage
  • Pale to dark purple flowers

HEIGHT: 20-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Aster cordifolius
HEART-LEAVED ASTER
  • AKA Symphyotrichum cordifolium
  • Light blue to purple daisy-like blooms
  • The centre florets are initially cream, maturing to a reddish-purple

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Aster divaricatus
WHITE WOOD ASTER
  • AKA Eurybia divaricata
  • Forms a low mound of green foliage
  • Masses of small, white, daisy-like flowers for appear on shiny black stems

HEIGHT: 30-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Aster ericoides
HEATH ASTER
  • AKA Symphyotrichum ericoides
  • Numerous small white daisy-like florets with yellow centres
  • Hairy green stems turn brown as the plant matures

HEIGHT: 30-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Aster laevis
SMOOTH ASTER
  • AKA Symphyotrichum laeve
  • Extremely hardy
  • Lavender to light blue flowers appear on hairless stems

HEIGHT: 60-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-60 cm

Aster novae-angliae
NEW ENGLAND ASTER
  • AKA Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
  • Large, rose-purple flowers, consisting of numerous rays around a yellow centre
  • Upright habit with narrow, hairy, green leaves, up to 10 cm long

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Aster novae-angliae 'September Ruby'
NEW ENGLAND ASTER
  • AKA Symphyotrichum novae-angliae 'September Ruby'
  • A vibrant bloom with deep ruby-red flowers
  • They have a strong, upright habit and abundant flower clusters when other plants have lost their bloom

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-60 cm

Aster novi-belgii
NEW YORK ASTER
  • AKA Symphyotrichum novi-belgii
  • This species provides autumn colour to the garden
  • Flowers are mostly purple, sometimes shades of pink

HEIGHT: 90-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Aster oolentangiensis
SKY BLUE ASTER
  • AKA Aster azureus or Symphyotrichum oolentangiense
  • Flowers are made up of petals in varying shades of blue surrounding a yellow eye
  • Naturally found in Southern Ontario in dry meadows, edges and open woods

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-60 cm

Aster puniceus
SWAMP ASTER
  • AKA Symphyotrichum puniceum
  • Flowers are usually pale blue, but can vary to deep blue or purple
  • Stems are reddish-purple and usually hairy

HEIGHT: 90-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Aster shortii
SHORT'S ASTER
  • AKA Symphyotrichum Shortii
  • Blue-violet petals surrounding a yellow eye
  • The centres start out yellow but turn red after pollination

HEIGHT: 80-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-80 cm

Aster umbellatus
FLAT-TOPPED ASTER, PARASOL WHITETOP
  • AKA Doellingeria umbellata
  • Flat-topped cluster of small, white flowers
  • Flowers appear earlier than most aster

HEIGHT: 100-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Betula alleghaniensis
YELLOW BIRCH
  • AKA Betula lutea
  • Upright, pyramidal habit with graceful, ascending branches
  • Bark is shiny, yellowish or silvery-gray, becoming reddish-brown with age

HEIGHT: 20-22 m  ·  SPREAD: 12-15 m

Betula nana
ARCTIC DWARF BIRCH
  • Low, compact, spreading habit
  • Small, thick, rounded leaves
  • Brown catkins

HEIGHT: 100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 125 cm

Betula papyrifera
PAPER BIRCH
  • Upright to oval, rounded crown
  • White bark exfoliates in papery strips
  • Mature trees develop black markings on the white bark

HEIGHT: 13-16 m  ·  SPREAD: 10-12 m

Betula populifolia 'Whitespire'
ASIAN WHITE BIRCH
  • AKA Betula populifolia 'Whitespire Senior'
  • Upright, pyramidal habit
  • Chalky-white bark does not peel

HEIGHT: 7-8 m  ·  SPREAD: 5-6 m

Boltonia asteroides 'Snowbank'
BOLTON'S ASTER
  • Other common names: Thousand-flowered Aster, False Camomile
  • Thousands of lacy, white daisies with yellow centres
  • Upright, hairless stems of fine-toothed, lance-shaped leaves

HEIGHT: 120-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Boltonia asteroides var. latisquama Jim Crocket™ ('Masbolimket') (PP16678)
BOLTON'S ASTER
  • Other common names: Thousand-flowered Aster, False Camomile
  • Upright, compact, mounding habit
  • Pale violet daisies with yellow centres

HEIGHT: 45-55 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-70 cm

Bouteloua curtipendula
SIDE OATS GRAMA
  • AKA Bouteloua racemosa
  • Dense, slightly arching, light green blades mature gold, and sometimes red
  • Purplish flowers

HEIGHT: 40-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Bouteloua gracilis
BLUE GRAMA
  • AKA Bouteloua oligostachya
  • Dense, slightly arching grey-green blades mature purple, then light brown
  • Purplish flowers

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Bouteloua gracilis 'Blonde Ambition' (PP22048)
BLUE GRAMA
  • Low tuft of fine-textured blue-green leaves
  • Chartreuse flowers age to blonde
  • Seed stems produce seeds late summer, at right angles to the stems

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Bromus kalmii
PRAIRIE BROME
  • Clumps of dark green stems holding either arching leaves or seeds
  • Seed stems produce silvery pendulous seeds late spring
  • Bloom Time: June to August

HEIGHT: 30-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-60 cm

Calamagrostis brachytricha
AUTUMN FEATHER REED GRASS
  • AKA Calamagrostis stipa, Calamagrostis arundinacea var. brachytricha
  • This grass has a slightly arching upright habit and forms an airy clump
  • Leaves are glossy green and slightly wider than acutiflora cultivars

HEIGHT: 90-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Calamagrostis canadensis
CANADA BLUEJOINT
  • This grass has a slightly arching upright habit
  • Spreads more quickly than other calamagrostis species
  • Leaves are rough with tiny hairs and bluish-green in colour

HEIGHT: 100-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-120 cm

Calamagrostis stricta
NEGLECTED REED GRASS
  • AKA Calamagrostis neglecta
  • Loose, open panicles
  • Forms a dense mat

HEIGHT: 60-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-120 cm

Calamintha nepeta
CALAMINT
  • Forms a dense, rhizomatous carpet
  • Tiny, lilac to white flowers
  • Very fragrant, gray-green foliage

HEIGHT: 30-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Callirhoe involucrata
PURPLE POPPY MALLOW
  • Five-petaled, cup-shaped, magenta flowers with white centres
  • Lush, green foliage forms a low, ground cover
  • Behaves like an ivy

HEIGHT: 15-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-80 cm

Caltha palustris
MARSH MARIGOLD
  • AKA Caltha polypetala
  • Numerous, waxy, yellow, buttercup-like flowers
  • Kidney-shaped, glossy, dark green leaves, up to 10 cm long, form low mounds

HEIGHT: 30-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Campanula americana
TALL BELLFLOWER
  • AKA Campanulastrum americanum
  • Flat, star-shaped, five-lobed blue flowers with a white inner circle
  • Heart-shaped dark green hairy scalloped leaves

HEIGHT: 90-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Campanula rotundifolia
HAREBELL
  • Dainty, bell-like, light blue flowers held upright stems
  • Buds are upright but flowers nod when open
  • Heart-shaped, fine-toothed, basal, green leaves form low clumps

HEIGHT: 30-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-45 cm

Carex bebbii
BEBB'S SEDGE
  • Clump-forming sedge with a cascading appearance
  • Green leaves, 6 mm wide, are triangular in cross section
  • Seed heads are decorative

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 5-10 cm

Carex crinita
FRINGED SEDGE
  • Tuft-forming sedge with an upright, cascading habit
  • Strap-like leaves are green, about 12 mm wide, triangular in cross section
  • Bristly flower spikelets top this plant

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-125 cm

Carex eburnea
BRISTLE-LEAF SEDGE
  • Forms a small rounded clump of soft green thread-like foliage
  • Insignificant white-green flowers
  • Bloom Time: Spring

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 cm

Carex grayi
MORNING STAR SEDGE
  • Forms a slightly arching tight upright clump
  • Semi-evergreen leaf blades are 15 mm wide
  • Flower spikes are followed by unique light green star or mace-shaped seed pods

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Carex hystericina
PORCUPINE SEDGE
  • Tuft-forming sedge with an upright, cascading habit
  • Leaves are green, about 6 mm wide, triangular in cross section
  • Prickly cylindrical spikelets

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Carex lacustris
HAIRY SEDGE
  • A.K.A Carex riparia
  • Large upright grass with leaves and seeds growing off the same stem
  • Stems are bluish-green, triangular in cross section

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Carex muskingumensis
PALM SEDGE GRASS
  • Semi-upright clump-forming sedge with a cascading look
  • Bright green foliage and divided leaves provide a tropical appearance
  • Small golden-brown flowers

HEIGHT: 60-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Carex muskingumensis 'Little Midge'
MINIATURE PALM SEDGE
  • Small clump-forming sedge with a mounding, cascading habit
  • Shade will produce a darker green foliage
  • Foliage looks like tiny palm fronds

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-25 cm

Carex nigra
BLACK SEDGE
  • Semi-evergreen low mound of narrow arching blue-green to blue-gray leaves
  • Chocolate-brown to black flowers above the foliage
  • Spreads slowly by rhizomes and can be used as a ground cover if given ample moisture

HEIGHT: 20-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Carex plantaginea
PLANTAIN-LEAVED SEDGE
  • Semi-evergreen clump-forming sedge with a mounding habit
  • Unusually wide puckered leaves, 25 mm, are mostly green but purplish at the base
  • Leaves are rippled and dimpled along the midribs

HEIGHT: 20-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Carex platyphylla
SILVER SEDGE
  • Upright mounding sedge with inconspicuous seed heads
  • Frosty blue semi-evergreen leaves are up to 25 mm wide
  • Small green seed heads change to brown in the summer

HEIGHT: 20-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-40 cm

Carex pseudocyperus
CYPRESS SEDGE
  • Tuft-forming grass with an upright, cascading habit
  • Leaves are yellow-green, about 6 mm wide and triangular in cross section
  • Spikes of tiny green or brown flowers

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Carex rosea
ROSY SEDGE
  • Thick clumps of delicate, arching foliage
  • Deep green narrow leaves
  • Produces unique star-like seed clusters

HEIGHT: 20-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 5-10 cm

Carex stipata
AWL FRUITED SEDGE
  • Tuft-forming sedge with an upright, cascading habit
  • Leaves are green, about 6 mm wide, triangular in cross section
  • Brownish-green flower heads look like bushy foxtails

HEIGHT: 90-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Carex stricta
TUSSOCK SEDGE
  • AKA Carex elata
  • Slender upright sedge with leaves and seeds growing off the same stems
  • Stems are bluish-green, triangular in cross section

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Carex vulpinoidea
FOX SEDGE
  • Slender, upright, slightly arching sedge common to Ontario's wetlands
  • Stems are bluish-green, triangular in cross-section
  • Seed heads, at same height as the leaves, resemble a fox's tail

HEIGHT: 50-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Carpinus caroliniana
BLUE BEECH/MUSCLEWOOD
  • Rounded to oval crown with wide spreading branches
  • Attractive yellow or green catkins
  • Catkins turn into distinctive clusters of winged nutlets

HEIGHT: 8-10 m  ·  SPREAD: 8-10 m

Carya cordiformis
BITTERNUT HICKORY
  • Open, broadly columnar with an irregular oval to rounded crown
  • Distinctive sulphur-yellow buds
  • Male and female flowers

HEIGHT: 15-20 m  ·  SPREAD: 14-15 m

Carya glabra
PIGNUT HICKORY
  • Open, rounded crown
  • Yellowish-green, non-showy flowers
  • Male and female flowers

HEIGHT: 14-16 m  ·  SPREAD: 8-9 m

Carya ovata
SHAGBARK HICKORY
  • Irregular, oval, rounded, growth habit
  • The bark of mature trees is dark gray to brown and exfoliates in long strips
  • Long, narrow, pointed, compound leaves are dark green and glossy

HEIGHT: 22-25 m  ·  SPREAD: 15-17 m

Caulophyllum thalictroides
BLUE COHOSH
  • Insignificant yellowish-green flowers
  • Flowers finish and leave behind berry-like seeds
  • As the seeds age, they take on a blue colour

HEIGHT: 45-70 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Celastrus orbiculatus
ORIENTAL BITTERSWEET
  • AKA Celastrus articulatus
  • Insignificant, small, green flowers
  • Spherical berries are green when young and ripen to yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 10-18 meters  ·  SPREAD: 7-12 m

Celtis occidentalis
COMMON HACKBERRY
  • Upright, arching branches with a rounded, spreading crown
  • Bark develops corky ridges, tan when young, turning gray at maturity
  • Simple ovate leaves, with serrated margins, are light green in the summer

HEIGHT: 15-18 m  ·  SPREAD: 14-16 m

Celtis occidentalis Ultra™ ('Ulzam')
ULTRA™ HACKBERRY
  • Broadly-rounded shape
  • Bluish-green foliage turning yellow in the fall
  • High disease resistance

HEIGHT: 15-18 m  ·  SPREAD: 14-16 m

Cephalanthus occidentalis
BUTTONBUSH
  • Spherical clusters of white florets
  • Green nutlets turn brown in the fall and persist into the winter
  • Glossy foliage emerges in late spring

HEIGHT: 175-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 175-200 cm

Cercis canadensis
EASTERN REDBUD
  • Sweet-pea-like red-pink flowers bloom profusely on bare branches and even on mature trunks
  • Fruit pods are brown and flat, about 5 cm long
  • Heart-shaped green leaves turn an attractive yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 8-10 m  ·  SPREAD: 7-8 m

Cercis canadensis 'Ace of Hearts' (PP17161)
ACE OF HEARTS REDBUD
  • Red-purple sweet-pea-like flowers bloom profusely on bare branches and even on mature trunks
  • Fruit pods are brown and flat, about 5 cm long
  • Small green heart-shaped leaves turn an attractive yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 3-4 m  ·  SPREAD: 4-5 m

Cercis canadensis 'Appalachian Red'
APPALACHIAN RED REDBUD
  • Deep purple sweet pea-like blooms appear almost neon red
  • Prolific bloomer, although later than the species
  • Semi-glossy heart-shaped green leaves

HEIGHT: 4-8 m  ·  SPREAD: 4-6 m

Cercis canadensis Lavender Twist® ('Covey') (PP10328, COPF)
LAVENDER TWIST® REDBUD
  • Red-purple sweet pea-like flowers bloom profusely on bare branches and even on mature trunks
  • Fruit pods are brown and flat, about 5 cm long
  • Small green heart-shaped leaves turn an attractive yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 175-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 200-250 cm

Cercis canadensis 'Floating Clouds'
FLOATING CLOUDS REDBUD
  • Small, spreading to rounded, graceful crown
  • Red-purple sweet pea-like flowers bloom on bare branches and even on mature trunks
  • Small white and green variegated heart-shaped leaves

HEIGHT: 4-4 m  ·  SPREAD: 3-4 m

Cercis canadensis 'Forest Pansy' (PP2556)
FOREST PANSY REDBUD
  • Red-purple, sweetpea-like flowers bloom profusely on bare branches and even on mature trunks
  • Fruit pods are brown and flat, about 5 cm long
  • Leaves emerge purple and fade as the summer season progresses

HEIGHT: 6-7 m  ·  SPREAD: 9-10 m

Cercis canadensis 'Hearts of Gold' (PP17740)
HEARTS OF GOLD REDBUD
  • Lavender sweet pea-like flowers bloom profusely on bare branches and even on mature trunks
  • Fruit pods are brown and flat, about 5 cm long
  • Shoots emerge orange changing to yellow, shaded leaves are green

HEIGHT: 4-5 m  ·  SPREAD: 5-6 m

Cercis canadensis Rising Sun™ ('JN2') (PP21451)
RISING SUN™ REDBUD
  • Rosy-lavender, sweet pea-like blooms
  • Heart-shaped deep apricot-coloured leaves
  • Shades of orange, gold, and yellow can appear at the same time

HEIGHT: 2-3 m  ·  SPREAD: 2 m

Cercis canadensis 'Little Woody' (PP15854)
LITTLE WOODY REDBUD
  • Lavender-pink sweet pea-like flowers bloom profusely on bare branches and even on mature trunks
  • Fruit pods are brown and flat, about 5 cm long
  • Textured, crinkled, blue-green leaves turn yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 250-300 cm  ·  SPREAD: 175-200 cm

Cercis canadensis 'Merlot' (PP22297)
EASTERN REDBUD
  • Rounded, spreading, compact form
  • Magenta-red, sweet pea-like flowers bloom on bare branches and even on mature trunks
  • Heart-shaped, glossy, deep purple, heat-resistant leaves

HEIGHT: 5-6 m  ·  SPREAD: 6-7 m

Cercis canadensis 'Pink Heartbreaker' (PP23043)
PINK HEARTBREAKER REDBUD
  • Exceptional weeping form with a strong branching habit
  • Leaves emerge red, becoming dark green in the summer
  • Lavender-pink sweet pea-like flowers bloom on bare branches and even on mature trunks

HEIGHT: 3-4 m  ·  SPREAD: 4-5 m

Cercis canadensis 'Ruby Falls' (PP22097)
RUBY FALLS REDBUD
  • Upright, weeping, sometimes with a contorted stem
  • Rose-purple sweetpea-like flowers bloom on bare branches and even on mature trunks
  • Small dark maroon heart-shaped leaves

HEIGHT: 175-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 125-150 cm

Cercis canadensis 'Silver Cloud'
SILVER CLOUD REDBUD
  • Vase-shaped, rounded, graceful crown
  • Rosy-pink sweet pea-like flowers bloom on bare branches and even on mature trunks
  • Small heart-shaped leaves feature white, pink and green variegation

HEIGHT: 6-7 m  ·  SPREAD: 6-7 m

Cercis canadensis 'Vanilla Twist' (PP22744)
VANILLA TWIST REDBUD
  • Strong, weeping form of cercis
  • White sweet pea-like flowers bloom profusely on bare branches and even on mature trunks
  • Soft, dark green foliage

HEIGHT: 4 m  ·  SPREAD: 3 m

Cercis canadensis f. alba
WHITE REDBUD
  • White, sweet pea-like flowers bloom profusely on bare branches and even on mature trunks
  • Fruit pods are brown and flat, about 5 cm long
  • Green, heart-shaped leaves turn an attractive yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 7-8 m  ·  SPREAD: 8-10 m

Cercis canadensis f. alba 'Royal White'
ROYAL WHITE REDBUD
  • Masses of white, sweet pea-like flowers bloom profusely on bare branches and even on mature trunks
  • Fruit pods are brown and flat, about 5 cm long
  • Heart-shaped leaves emerge bronze, changing to dark green, then shades of yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 9-10 m  ·  SPREAD: 9-10 m

Chelone glabra
TURTLEHEAD
  • AKA Chelone oblique 'Alba'
  • Predominantly white flowers are sometimes tinged with pink
  • Flowers are hooded and look similar to snapdragons

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Chelone glabra 'Black Ace'
WHITE TURTLEHEAD
  • Foliage emerges in the spring with a very dark cast
  • Leaves turn green as the summer progresses
  • White flowers are hooded and look similar to snapdragons

HEIGHT: 100-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Chelone lyonii 'Hot Lips'
PINK TURTLEHEAD
  • Rose-pink, turtlehead-shaped flowers appear on reddish stems
  • Oblong leaves emerge a glossy, bronze maturing to dark green
  • Bloom Time: September to October

HEIGHT: 60-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Chelone obliqua
PINK TURTLEHEAD
  • Rose-pink, turtlehead-shaped flowers are held on reddish stems
  • Fine-toothed, lance-shaped, dark green leaves form on sturdy, square stems
  • Bloom Time: Late summer to October

HEIGHT: 80-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Chrysopsis villosa
GOLDEN ASTER
  • AKA Heterotheca villosa
  • Yellow, daisy-like flowers, with 10-25 petals per flower
  • Hairy, gray leaves are oblong, occasionally toothed, usually smooth-edged

HEIGHT: 30-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Cimicifuga racemosa
BLACK SNAKEROOT
  • AKA Actaea racemosa
  • Fragrant, white, bottlebrush-like flowers
  • Clump forming perennial with green, sharp-toothed leaves

HEIGHT: 100-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Cimicifuga ramosa 'Atropurpurea'
BLACK SNAKEROOT
  • AKA Actaea ramosa 'Atropurpurea' or Actaea simplex 'Atropurpurea'
  • Other common names: Black Cohosh, Purple-leaved Bugbane
  • Panicles of pale pink to white florets on this clump forming perennial

HEIGHT: 125-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Cimicifuga ramosa 'Black Negligee'
PURPLE-LEAF BUGBANE
  • AKA Actaea ramosa 'Black Negligee'
  • Fragrant, purple-tinted, white panicles of florets, project upwards to about 125 cm
  • Deeply cut, dark purplish-black leaves; one of the darkest foliage in the genus

HEIGHT: 80-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Cimicifuga ramosa 'Brunette'
PURPLE-LEAF BUGBANE
  • AKA Actaea ramosa 'Brunette' or Actaea simplex 'Brunette'
  • Pale pink to white panicles
  • Deeply cut, dark purplish-brown leaves, rise to 80 cm

HEIGHT: 80-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Cimicifuga ramosa 'Hillside Black Beauty' (PP9988, COPF)
PURPLE-LEAF BUGBANE
  • AKA Actaea ramosa 'Hillside Black Beauty' or Actaea simplex 'Hillside Black Beauty'
  • Abundant panicles of white florets
  • Flowers appear midsummer to mid-fall

HEIGHT: 150-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Cimicifuga ramosa 'Pink Spike'
PURPLE-LEAF BUGBANE
  • AKA Actaea ramosa 'Pink Spike' or Actaea simplex 'Pink Spike'
  • Long panicles of pink florets
  • Dark bronze-purple foliage with compound, ternate, sharp-toothed leaves

HEIGHT: 80-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-70 cm

Cimicifuga x 'Chocoholic' (PP24821)
PURPLE-LEAF BUGBANE
  • Long panicles of pink florets mature to white
  • Dark bronze-purple foliage with compound, ternate, sharp-toothed leaves
  • Excellent in mass, but also as a specimen

HEIGHT: 90-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-70 cm

Claytonia virginica
SPRING BEAUTY
  • White to light pink, five-petalled blooms have pink veins and anthers
  • Flowers open on warm sunny days, stay closed on cloudy days and at night
  • Flowers finish and plant goes back into dormancy

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 15-25 cm

Comptonia peregrina
SWEET FERN
  • Despite its name, it is not a fern, but actually a deciduous shrub
  • Insignificant greenish flowers, both male and female on the same plant
  • Brown burrs contain edible nutlets

HEIGHT: 30-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-150 cm

Coreopsis lanceolata
LANCE-LEAVED TICKSEED
  • Daisy-like yellow flowers
  • Eight petals with toothed edges surround a central yellow eye
  • Narrow lance-shaped leaves, 25 cm long x 5 cm wide

HEIGHT: 30-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Coreopsis tripteris
TALL COREOPSIS
  • Eight, yellow, ray petals surround a brown, central eye
  • Thin, hairless, lance-shaped leaves are distributed along the stem
  • One of the tallest species of coreopsis

HEIGHT: 125-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-100 cm

Cornus alba 'Sibirica Pearls'
REDBARK DOGWOOD
  • Tiny yellowish-white flowers in flat-topped clusters
  • Abundant clusters of pure white berries in the summer
  • Dark green leaves turn attractive shades of purple-red in the fall

HEIGHT: 175-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 125-150 cm

Cornus alternifolia
PAGODA DOGWOOD
  • Tiny yellowish-white fragrant flowers in flat-topped clusters in late spring
  • Clusters of bluish-black berries in the summer
  • Glossy green leaves turn red in the fall

HEIGHT: 4-5 m  ·  SPREAD: 7-8 m

Cornus amomum
SILKY DOGWOOD
  • Flat-topped cluster of creamy-white flowers
  • White berries will ripen to blue in colour
  • Dark red branches are attractive in the winter

HEIGHT: 200-250 cm  ·  SPREAD: 200-250 cm

Cornus asperifolia var. drummondii
ROUGHLEAF DOGWOOD
  • Oval, green foliage has a rough topside and downy underside
  • Flowers are similar in appearance to Cornus racemosa
  • Clusters of white drupes mature in late summer

HEIGHT: 2-4 m  ·  SPREAD: 2-4 m

Cornus canadensis
BUNCHBERRY
  • Beautiful native ground cover with small white flowers
  • Flower bracts will develop a purplish tinge as they mature
  • Red berry clusters appear by midsummer, after the flowers finish

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-30 cm

Cornus florida
WHITE FLOWERING DOGWOOD
  • White bracts are very showy around inconspicuous flowers before the leaves appear
  • Oval, glossy, red fruit, held in clusters, are attractive to birds
  • Drooping, glossy green leaves

HEIGHT: 7-8 m  ·  SPREAD: 7-8 m

Cornus racemosa
GRAY DOGWOOD
  • White, panicled flowers produce white berries in the fall
  • Grayish-red, young branches provide contrast in the winter
  • Foliage turns purple in the fall

HEIGHT: 3-4 m  ·  SPREAD: 3-4 m

Cornus sericea
RED OSIER DOGWOOD
  • Flat-topped panicles of small white flowers lead to white berries in the fall
  • Dark red branches are attractive in the winter
  • Lightly pubescent green summer leaves turn purple in autumn

HEIGHT: 175-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 200-250 cm

Cornus sericea 'Flaviramea'
YELLOWTWIG DOGWOOD
  • Yellow branches are attractive in winter
  • Flat-topped clusters of white flowers in late spring produce white berries in early fall
  • Light green summer leaves turn purple in late fall

HEIGHT: 175-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 200-250 cm

Corydalis lutea
YELLOW CORYDALIS
  • AKA Pseudofumaria lutea
  • One of the longest blooming shade plants available
  • Yellow, tubular flowers

HEIGHT: 30-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Corylus americana
AMERICAN HAZELNUT
  • Male flowers are brown, decorative catkins before the leaves appear
  • Female flowers are small and red
  • Edible fruit emerges white, turning brown in the summer

HEIGHT: 4-5 m  ·  SPREAD: 2-3 m

Corylus cornuta
BEAKED HAZEL
  • Male flowers are brown, decorative catkins before the leaves
  • Female flowers are small and red
  • Edible fruit emerges white, turning brown in the summer,

HEIGHT: 250-300 cm  ·  SPREAD: 200-250 cm

Crataegus crus-galli
COCKSPUR HAWTHORN
  • Broad, rounded crown, with a dense, horizontal branching
  • Long, sharp thorns grow all along the branches
  • Branches are covered in white flowers

HEIGHT: 8-10 m  ·  SPREAD: 8-10 m

Crataegus mollis
DOWNY HAWTHORN
  • Densely branched, rounded crown
  • Branches are covered in white flowers in spring
  • Flowers are followed by berries, ripening yellow-red to scarlet

HEIGHT: 10-12 m  ·  SPREAD: 6-8 m

Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens
LARGE YELLOW LADY'S SLIPPER
  • AKA Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens
  • Flowers have showy maroon to dark green petals and a deep yellow, pouch-like lip
  • Each plant generally produces only one flower, rarely two

HEIGHT: 30-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-35 cm

Cypripedium reginae
SHOWY LADY'S SLIPPER
  • AKA Cypripedium album, Cypripedium spectabile
  • Flowers are showy, white petals with a rose-pink, pouch-like lip
  • Upright foliage of soft, folded, ovate to fan-shaped leaves

HEIGHT: 50-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-30 cm

Dennstaedtia punctilobula
HAY SCENTED FERN
  • Delicate, green fronds, 30-45 cm long
  • Smells like freshly mown grass when crushed
  • Turns a yellow-orange in the fall

HEIGHT: 45-65 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Deschampsia cespitosa
TUFTED HAIR GRASS
  • Dense mounding semi-evergreen clump of green blades turning light brown in the fall
  • Flowers feature green, purple, silver, and gold tones
  • Bloom Time: Early to late summer

HEIGHT: 60-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Deschampsia cespitosa Scotland ('Schottland')
SCOTTISH TUFTED HAIR GRASS
  • Dense mounding semi-evergreen clump of green blades, turning light brown in the fall
  • Loose flower panicles feature yellow and gold tones
  • Bloom Time: Early to late summer

HEIGHT: 60-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Desmodium canadense
SHOWY TICK TREFOIL
  • Spikes of pink to lavender sweet-pea-like flower clusters
  • Velvety hairs cover the stems and the tri-lobed compound leaves
  • This drought-tolerant plant can be grown on rooftops with as little as 15 cm of growing medium

HEIGHT: 100-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Dicentra canadensis
SQUIRREL CORN
  • AKA Bicuculla canadensis, Corydalis canadensis, Diclytra canadensis
  • Greenish-white heart-shaped flowers appear on arching stems above the foliage
  • Some flowers may have a mauve tinge

HEIGHT: 25-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Dicentra cucullaria
DUTCHMAN'S BREECHES
  • Flower stalks bear a row of nodding double spurred white flowers with yellow tips
  • Flowers rise above the foliage
  • Compact clump forming deeply divided blue-gray leaves up to 25 cm long

HEIGHT: 20-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-40 cm

Diervilla lonicera
BUSH HONEYSUCKLE
  • Small fragrant yellow flowers
  • Medium green leaves with bronze overtones turn burgundy in the fall
  • Mounding, spreading habit re-roots to provide an effective ground cover

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-125 cm

Diervilla rivularis Summer Stars™ ('Morton')
SUMMER STARS™ HONEYSUCKLE
  • Fragrant small yellow flowers
  • Medium green leaves with bronze overtones turn yellow-red in the fall
  • Mounding, spreading habit re-roots to provide an effective ground cover

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-125 cm

Digitalis grandiflora
YELLOW FOXGLOVE
  • AKA Digitalis ambigua
  • Well-spaced, pale yellow, bell-shaped flowers with brown, freckled markings
  • Oblong, fine-toothed, glossy leaves are usually hairless with deep veining

HEIGHT: 50-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Dodecatheon meadia
SHOOTING STAR
  • Flowers range in shades of pink and white
  • Each flower has five, upward-facing petals with a cluster of yellow stamens at the base
  • Flowers give the appearance of a plummeting, shooting star

HEIGHT: 25-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-25 cm

Dodecatheon meadia 'Aphrodite' (PP14002, CPBR3199)
PINK SHOOTING STAR
  • AKA Dodecatheon jeffreyii' Aphrodite'
  • Each flower had five, upward-facing petals with a cluster of yellow stamens at the base
  • Flowers give the appearance of a plummeting, shooting star

HEIGHT: 25-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-30 cm

Dryopteris affinis The King ('Cristata')
GOLDEN SHIELD FERN
  • AKA Dryopteris borreri 'Cristata', Dryopteris pseudomas 'Cristata'
  • Narrow, dark green fronds with crested tips
  • Upright, arching habit

HEIGHT: 75-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Dryopteris affinis 'Pinderi'
PINDER'S GOLDEN SCALE FERN
  • AKA Dryopteris borreri 'Pinderi', Dryopteris pseudomas 'Pinderi'
  • New fronds have golden-russet-coloured scales
  • Narrow, lance-shaped, dark green fronds

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Dryopteris affinis 'Polydactyla Dadds'
SCALY MALE FERN
  • AKA Dryopteris borreri 'Polydactyla Dadds', Dryopteris pseudomas 'Polydactyla Dadds'
  • Narrow, dark green fronds with multi-forked tips
  • Upright, arching habit

HEIGHT: 100-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 90-100 cm

Dryopteris clintoniana
CLINTON'S WOOD FERN
  • AKA Dryopteris cristata var. clintoniana
  • Broad, triangular fronds of deep green
  • Fertile fronds are taller and more upright than the sterile fronds

HEIGHT: 75-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Dryopteris erythrosora
AUTUMN FERN
  • Pink fiddleheads
  • New fronds open to a vibrant red-orange
  • Glossy, deep green fronds throughout the summer

HEIGHT: 30-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Dryopteris erythrosora 'Brilliance'
BRILLIANCE AUTUMN FERN
  • Pink fiddleheads
  • New fronds open to a brilliant red-orange
  • Glossy, deep green fronds throughout the summer

HEIGHT: 30-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Dryopteris filix-mas
MALE FERN
  • Lance-shaped, mid-green fronds
  • Crown is made of large rhizomes that are covered in fuzzy, brown hair
  • Upright, clumping habit

HEIGHT: 75-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Dryopteris filix-mas Crispa ('Crispatissima')
CRISPA MALE FERN
  • Lance-shaped, mid-green fronds with tight, crested tips
  • Crown consists of large rhizomes covered in fuzzy, brown hair
  • Upright, clumping habit

HEIGHT: 50-65 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Dryopteris filix-mas 'Linearis Polydactyla'
LINEAR MALE FERN
  • Mid-green, arching fronds have forked leaflets
  • Crown consists of large rhizomes covered in a fuzzy, brown hairs
  • Upright, delicate and airy habit

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Dryopteris goldiana
GOLDIE'S FERN
  • Light green fronds are produced in groups along the rhizomes
  • Upright habit and long, wiry stems
  • Spreads slowly by shallow, underground rhizomes

HEIGHT: 100-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Dryopteris marginalis
MARGINAL SHIELD FERN
  • Fiddleheads emerge with a thick, brown "fur"
  • Leathery, deep green fronds
  • Crown consists of large rhizomes covered in fuzzy, brown hairs

HEIGHT: 45-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Dryopteris spinulosa
TOOTHED WOOD FERN
  • AKA Dryopteris carthusiana
  • Narrow, lance-shaped, pale green fronds with finely cut leaflets
  • Upright, clumping habit

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Dryopteris tokyoensis
TOKYO WOOD FERN
  • Glossy, mid-green fronds with shallow, lobed leaflets
  • Upright, clumping habit
  • Spreads slowly by shallow, underground rhizomes

HEIGHT: 50-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Dryopteris wallichiana
WALLICH'S WOOD FERN
  • Thick, leathery, dark green, lance-shaped fronds
  • Young fronds are yellowish-green
  • Contrasting, central stem is dark reddish-brown

HEIGHT: 90-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Echinacea pallida
PALE PURPLE CONEFLOWER
  • Narrow, pale purple-pink petals droop from a spiny dark cone
  • Flowers up to 10 cm
  • Lance-shaped hairy basal leaves

HEIGHT: 75-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Echinacea purpurea
PURPLE CONEFLOWER
  • AKA Rudbeckia purpurea
  • Drooping petals of purple-pink flowers with a spiky orange cone
  • Lance-shaped and coarse-toothed leaves on sturdy stems

HEIGHT: 90-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Elaeagnus commutata
SILVERBERRY
  • AKA Elaeagnus argentea
  • Inconspicuous fragrant yellow flowers
  • Silvery fruits in late summer

HEIGHT: 150-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 175-200 cm

Eleocharis obtusa
BLUNT SPIKERUSH
  • A clumping rush with slender dark green cylindrical stems
  • Each stem is topped with a small dark brown oblong flower spike
  • Small narrow leaves are sometimes present near the base of the plant

HEIGHT: 20-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-25 cm

Eleocharis palustris
COMMON SPIKERUSH
  • Narrow dark green round stems spread by rhizomatous roots
  • A dark reddish-purple sheath surrounds the base of the stems
  • Each stem features a small dark brown oblong flower spike

HEIGHT: 25-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-150 cm

Elodea canadensis
CANADA PONDWEED
  • AKA Anacharis canadensis, Philotria canadensis, Philotria linearis
  • Numerous, overlapping, dark green, fine-toothed leaves which curl slightly downward
  • Inconspicuous, white to pale pink flowers appear on the surface

HEIGHT: 20-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-30 cm

Elymus arenarius 'Blue Dune'
BLUE DUNE LYME GRASS
  • AKA Leymus arenarius 'Blue Dune'
  • Forms a slightly arching, upright clump
  • Coarse, silver-blue leaves are 1 cm wide at the base, and grow to a narrow point.

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Elymus canadensis
CANADA WILD RYE
  • Grass has a slightly arching, upright habit and forms a loose clump
  • Leaf blades can range in colour from green to bluish-green, depending on growing conditions
  • Nodding seed heads emerge green, changing to a light tan in the summer

HEIGHT: 125-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Elymus glaucus
BLUE WILD RYE GRASS
  • Forms a slightly arching, upright clump.
  • Coarse blue-green leaves are 1 cm wide at the base, and grow to a narrow point
  • Flower spikes emerge green, changing to a light tan

HEIGHT: 100-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Elymus virginicus
VIRGINIA WILD RYE
  • Grass has a slightly arching, upright habit and forms a loose clump
  • Coarse leaf blades are grayish-green
  • Flower spikes emerge green, change to brown and are a bit thicker than E. canadensis

HEIGHT: 100-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Epilobium angustifolium
FIREWEED
  • AKA Chamerion angustifolium
  • Tall branchless flower stems with purple flowers
  • Blooms from June to September

HEIGHT: 60-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Equisetum fluviatile
RIVER HORSETAIL
  • Forms dense colonies in shallow water or ponds
  • Tall, erect, dark green, smooth stems sport fine ridges
  • At each joint, the stem has a whorl of tiny, black-tipped, scale leaves

HEIGHT: 60-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-70 cm

Equisetum hyemale
SCOURING RUSH
  • Rigid, hollow, bamboo-like stems
  • Dark green with black banding at joints
  • Produces small, brown, cone-like, stem tips in the summer

HEIGHT: 60-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-200 cm

Eragrostis elliottii
BLUE LOVE GRASS
  • Grass has a mounding, upright habit and forms a dense clump
  • Narrow fine-textured leaf blades are powder-blue above, green beneath
  • Hazy puffs of bluish flowers change to a tan colour in the fall

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-60 cm

Eragrostis spectabilis
PURPLE LOVE GRASS
  • Grass has a mounding habit and forms a disorganized clump
  • Leaf blades are light green with a hint of red
  • Foliage turns bronze-red in the fall

HEIGHT: 25-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Eragrostis trichodes
SAND LOVE GRASS
  • Grass has an upright, cascading habit and forms a disorganized clump
  • Leaf blades are light green to gray, changing to reddish in the fall
  • Hazy puffs of reddish-pink airy seed heads rise above foliage on stiff stems

HEIGHT: 80-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Eryngium yuccifolium
RATTLESNAKE MASTER
  • Creamy-green, spherical flowers
  • Strap-like, blue-green, basal leaves with bristled edges, 90 cm long
  • Semi-evergreen foliage

HEIGHT: 90-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Erythronium americanum
TROUT LILY
  • Nodding, yellow, bell-shaped flowers
  • Flowers may have yellow, purple or brown anthers
  • Plants having two, emerging, basal leaves that will likely produce a flower

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 10-15 cm

Eupatorium dubium 'Baby Joe' (PP20320, CPBR4612)
DWARF JOE PYE WEED
  • A compact, bushy, upright mound
  • Dome-shaped heads of showy, magenta-pink flowers
  • Coarse, dark green leaves on rigid stems

HEIGHT: 70-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Eupatorium dubium 'Little Joe' (PP16122, COPF)
JOE PYE WEED
  • A compact cultivar
  • Dome-shaped heads of showy, rose-purple flowers
  • Coarse, dark green leaves on rigid stems

HEIGHT: 90-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Eupatorium fistulosum
HOLLOW JOE PYE WEED
  • AKA Eupatoriadelphus fistulosus, Eutrochium fistulosum
  • Large, rounded, tight clusters of pink or purplish-mauve flowers
  • Lance-shaped, sharp-toothed, dark green leaves on wine-coloured stems

HEIGHT: 150-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Eupatorium fortunei 'Pink Frost'
VARIEGATED JOE PYE WEED
  • Small clusters of deep pink flowers
  • Toothed, dark green leaves are boldly edged in creamy-yellow
  • Attracts butterflies

HEIGHT: 75-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-70 cm

Eupatorium maculatum
JOE PYE WEED
  • AKA Eupatoriadelphus maculatus, Eupatorium purpureum ssp. maculatum
  • Flat-topped heads of purple-pink flowers
  • Sharp-toothed, coarse, dark green leaves on rigid, purple, spotted stems

HEIGHT: 150-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-120 cm

Eupatorium maculatum 'Atropurpureum'
JOE PYE WEED
  • AKA Eupatoriadelphus maculatus, Eupatorium purpureum ssp. maculatum
  • Flat-topped heads of deep purple-pink flowers
  • Sharp-toothed, coarse, dark green leaves on rigid, purple, spotted stems

HEIGHT: 150-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 90-120 cm

Eupatorium maculatum 'Gateway'
JOE PYE WEED
  • AKA Eutrochium purpureum subsp. maculatum 'Gateway'
  • More compact selection than the species
  • Bright mauve-pink flower clusters atop deep wine-red stems

HEIGHT: 120-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-125 cm

Eupatorium maculatum 'Phantom' (PP18354)
PHANTOM JOE PYE WEED
  • Shorter and more compact habit
  • Dome-shaped heads of showy, rose-purple flowers
  • Coarse, dark green leaves on rigid stems

HEIGHT: 90-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Eupatorium perfoliatum
BONESET
  • AKA Eupatorium truncatum
  • Purple-tinged, white, clustered flowers
  • Opposite, lance-shaped, toothed, veined, mid-green leaves

HEIGHT: 90-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Eupatorium rugosum
WHITE SNAKEROOT
  • AKA Eupatorium ageratoides, Eupatorium urticifolium, Ageratina altissima
  • White flower clusters
  • Sharp-toothed, ovate leaves of deep green

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Eupatorium rugosum 'Chocolate'
BONESET
  • AKA Eupatorium ageratoides 'Chocolate', Eupatorium urticifolium 'Chocolate', Ageratina altissima 'Chocolate'
  • Long-lasting, pure white, fluffy flowers in tight clusters
  • Flowers appear on deep, shiny, upright, purple stems

HEIGHT: 120-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Fagus grandifolia
AMERICAN BEECH
  • Low, densely branched with an upright, oval to rounded, spreading crown
  • Trunks have distinctive, thin, smooth, gray bark
  • Small, yellowish-green flowers bloom

HEIGHT: 18-25 m  ·  SPREAD: 16-20 m

Fothergilla gardenii
DWARF FOTHERGILLA
  • Bottlebrush-like spikes of tiny, white flowers
  • Blue-green leaves turn yellow, orange, and red in the fall
  • Suckers produce colonies of stems

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Fothergilla gardenii 'Blue Mist'
BLUE MIST FOTHERGILLA
  • Bottlebrush-like spikes of tiny, white, fragrant flowers
  • Flowers appear just before the leaves and persist for several weeks
  • Leathery, blue-green leaves turn yellow, orange, and red in the fall

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-100 cm

Fragaria vesca
WOODLAND STRAWBERRY
  • Habitats include fields, woodland borders, streambanks, and meadows
  • White flower petals surround yellow stamens
  • Flowers are followed by edible bright red fruit

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Fragaria virginiana
VIRGINIA STRAWBERRY
  • Habitats include fields, woodland borders, streambanks, and meadows
  • White, flower petals surround yellow stamens
  • Flowers are followed by edible fruit

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Fraxinus americana
WHITE ASH
  • Pyramidal when young, maturing to a rounded crown
  • Dark green, pinnate leaves with white undersides emerge later in the spring
  • Several (5 to 9) leaflets make up the compound leaves

HEIGHT: 21-23 m  ·  SPREAD: 14-16 m

Fraxinus nigra
BLACK ASH
  • Open crown, with ascending branches
  • Winter buds are dark brown with a velvety texture
  • Compound, oval to lance-shaped, green leaves

HEIGHT: 15-20 m  ·  SPREAD: 9-10 m

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
GREEN/RED ASH
  • Pyramidal when young, maturing to a rounded, irregular crown
  • Dark green, pinnate, compound leaves emerge later in the spring
  • Drooping clusters of winged samaras ripen in the fall

HEIGHT: 18-20 m  ·  SPREAD: 10-15 m

Gaillardia aristata
BLANKET FLOWER
  • Yellow tipped petals with dark red bases surrounding reddish brown eyes
  • Lance-shaped dark green leaves

HEIGHT: 40-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-60 cm

Gaultheria procumbens
WINTERGREEN
  • Small, waxy, soft pink to white, bell-shaped flowers
  • Red berries develop in early autumn and last through the winter
  • Aromatic, evergreen, dark green foliage

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-30 cm

Geranium maculatum
WILD GERANIUM
  • Five-petaled flowers of pale pink to lilac
  • Attractive, cranesbill-like seeds heads follow the flowers
  • Basal leaves are dark green and deeply palmate

HEIGHT: 40-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Geranium maculatum 'Elizabeth Ann' (PP11252, COPF)
SPOTTED GERANIUM
  • Five-petaled flowers of pale pink to lilac
  • Attractive, cranesbill-like seed heads follow the flowers
  • Foliage emerges dark bronze in colour

HEIGHT: 40-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-50 cm

Geum triflorum
GRANDPA'S WHISKERS
  • Flowers emerge from nodding reddish-purple buds on red stems
  • Reddish-purple bell-shaped flowers hang in groups of three
  • Attractive silky seed heads are left after flowering

HEIGHT: 30-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-35 cm

Goodyera pubescens
DOWNY RATTLESNAKE PLAINTAIN
  • AKA Epipactis pubescens, Neottia pubescens, Peramium pubescens
  • Spikes of small, white flowers form on slender stems
  • Blue-green leaves have prominent, white veins

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-25 cm

Hamamelis virginiana
WITCHHAZEL
  • Soft yellow, spidery, fragrant flowers in autumn
  • Textured, medium to bright green leaves
  • Leaves turn orange-yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 4-5 m  ·  SPREAD: 4-5 m

Hedera helix 'Baltica'
BALTIC IVY
  • Dark green five-lobed palmate leaves with silver veining
  • An evergreen ground cover or self-climber
  • Red-bronze foliage in the fall

HEIGHT: 7-10 m  ·  SPREAD: 1-3 m

Helenium autumnale
SNEEZEWEED
  • Erect, clump forming habit
  • Daisy-like flowers with yellow petals and brownish-yellow cones
  • Lance-shaped dark green leaves

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Helianthus divaricatus
WOODLAND SUNFLOWER
  • Yellow daisy-like flowers with darker yellow centres
  • Broad, lance-shaped, dark green leaves
  • Bloom Time: Midsummer until mid-fall

HEIGHT: 90-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Heliopsis helianthoides
FALSE SUNFLOWER
  • Single to semi-double flowers
  • Yellow daisy-like flowers with a brownish-yellow centre
  • Mid-green, roughly serrated, ovate leaves

HEIGHT: 90-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-60 cm

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra 'Burning Hearts'
SMOOTH OXEYE
  • Sturdy upright habit
  • Yellow daisy-like flowers with orange centres
  • Flowers stand tall above contrasting purple foliage

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra Summer Sun ('Sommersonne')
FALSE SUNFLOWER
  • Single to semi-double daisy-like flowers with a golden-orange eye
  • Mid-green, roughly serrated, ovate leaves
  • Attracts butterflies and birds

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Helleborus foetidus
STINKING HELLEBORE
  • Arching, bell-shaped, green to yellow flowers
  • Flowers are often edged in red
  • Sturdy, yellowish-green, deeply cut foliage

HEIGHT: 45-55 cm  ·  SPREAD: 55-65 cm

Hemerocallis fulva
TAWNY DAYLILY
  • AKA Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus var. fulva
  • Orange flowers with a slightly darker orange eyezone
  • Sword-like leaves, arranged in pairs, grow at the base of the plant

HEIGHT: 125-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 90-110 cm

Hepatica acutiloba
SHARP-LOBED HEPATICA
  • AKA Hepatica acuta, H. nobilis var acuta
  • Daisy-like flowers in shades of pink, white and lavender
  • Flowers appear before or during the emergence of the new foliage

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 cm

Hepatica americana
ROUND-LOBED HEPATICA
  • AKA Anemone americana, Hepatica triloba, H. nobilis var. obtusa
  • Flowers vary in shades of blue, white and pink
  • Flowers appear before or during the emergence of new foliage

HEIGHT: 7-10 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Hibiscus moscheutos
SWAMP ROSE MALLOW
  • Other common names: Wild Cotton, Mallow Rose, Crimson-eyed Rose Mallow
  • Flowers can be white, pink or red with occasional bicolours
  • Three to five lobes of bright green foliage with hairy undersides

HEIGHT: 130-160 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-150 cm

Hierochloe odorata
SWEET GRASS
  • AKA Anthoxanthum nitens
  • Forms a spreading, upright mound of gray-green foliage
  • Blades reach 60 cm high, then sag toward the ground, with upturned ends

HEIGHT: 30-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-150 cm

Hippophae rhamnoides
COMMON SEA BUCKTHORN
  • Inconspicuous, yellowish-white flowers appear before the leaves
  • Females produce bright orange berries prized for their high vitamin C content
  • Silvery-green, narrow leaves on spiny stems

HEIGHT: 2-3 m  ·  SPREAD: 2-3 m

Hippophae rhamnoides 'Hergo'
HERGO SEA BUCKTHORN
  • Inconspicuous, yellowish-white flowers appear before the leaves
  • Clusters of tiny, orange berries are prized for their high, vitamin C content
  • Silvery-green, narrow leaves on spiny stems

HEIGHT: 5-6 m  ·  SPREAD: 2-3 m

Hippophae rhamnoides 'Lord'
LORD SEA BUCKTHORN
  • Male cultivar capable of pollinating up to seven female plants
  • Inconspicuous yellowish-white flowers appear before the leaves
  • Narrow silvery-green leaves on spiny stems

HEIGHT: 5-6 m  ·  SPREAD: 2-3 m

Hippophae rhamnoides 'Pollmix'
SEA BUCKTHORN
  • Male cultivar capable of pollinating up to seven female plants
  • Inconspicuous yellowish-white flowers appear before the leaves
  • Narrow silvery-green leaves on spiny stems

HEIGHT: 5-6 m  ·  SPREAD: 2-3 m

Hystrix patula
BOTTLEBRUSH GRASS
  • AKA Elymus hystrix
  • Forms an upright loose clump of coarse green leaves
  • Green bottlebrush-like flowers emerge above the foliage

HEIGHT: 90-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-60 cm

Ilex verticillata 'Red Sprite'
RED SPRITE WINTERBERRY (FEMALE)
  • Flowers are white and inconspicuous
  • Large, bright red berries persist into the winter
  • Dark green, glossy leaves turn yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-125 cm

Inula helenium
ELECAMPANE
  • Other common names:, Elf Dock, Else Dock, Horse Elder, Yellow Star Wort, Allicampane, Velvet Dock
  • Bright yellow flowers resemble a double daisy
  • Large, basal leaves, 50-80 cm, have a wavy margin

HEIGHT: 125-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 90-100 cm

Iris cristata
CRESTED IRIS
  • Open, star-shaped flowers of light lavender-blue with a yellow and white beard
  • Flowers on short stalks grow even with, or slightly above the foliage
  • Short, bright green, sword-like foliage

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Iris cristata 'Powder Blue Giant'
CRESTED IRIS
  • Open, star-shaped flowers of light blue with a yellow and deep blue beard
  • Flowers on short stalks grow even with, or slightly above the foliage
  • Short, bright green, sword-like foliage

HEIGHT: 15-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Iris louisiana 'Black Gamecock'
LOUISIANA WATER IRIS
  • Strong growth habit
  • Large, purple-black blooms with yellow signals
  • Upright, slender, bright green foliage

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Iris louisiana 'Bold Pretender'
LOUISIANA WATER IRIS
  • Strong growth habit
  • Distinctive pale pink and darker red petals
  • Patterned yellow-green centre

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Iris pseudacorus
YELLOW FLAG IRIS
  • AKA Iris lutea
  • Bright yellow flowers
  • Brown markings at the base of each, yellow petal

HEIGHT: 125-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 70-90 cm

Iris versicolor
BLUE FLAG IRIS
  • Narrow-petaled, lavender-blue flowers with creamy-yellow throats
  • Falls have deep purple veining with lighter blue standards
  • Bright green sword-like foliage

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Iris virginica
PALE BLUE FLAG IRIS
  • Narrow petalled, pale blue flowers with creamy-yellow throats
  • Standards are larger and longer than Iris versicolor
  • Bright green, sword-like foliage

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Juglans nigra
BLACK WALNUT
  • Tall, oval to rounded, growth habit
  • Large pinnate compound leaves emerge in late spring and drop early fall
  • Foliage colour is dark green in the summer, becoming yellow in early fall

HEIGHT: 18-25 m  ·  SPREAD: 16-18 m

Juncus effusus
SOFT RUSH
  • Forms an upright vase-shaped clump of single stalks
  • Thin dark green cylindrical stems look stiff but are soft to the touch
  • Flowers emerge in small clusters from a split in the stems, slightly below the tips of the plant

HEIGHT: 90-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-80 in

Juncus tenuis
POVERTY RUSH
  • Forms a dense clump of upright narrow stems with a basal tuft of flat grass-like leaves
  • Leaves and cylindrical stems are mid-green
  • Clusters of greenish-brown seed capsules are found near the terminal tips of the plant

HEIGHT: 20-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-50 cm

Juncus torreyi
TORREY'S RUSH
  • Large, orbicular flower heads
  • It is unbranched except where the inflorescences occur
  • Alternate, green, stiff leaves

HEIGHT: 60-80 cm

Juniperus communis depressa Blueberry Delight® ('AmiDak')
BLUEBERRY DELIGHT® JUNIPER
  • Low spreader with arching branches
  • Open-scaled texture on mature growth and closed on juvenile foliage
  • Dark green needles with light blue bars on the upper surfaces

HEIGHT: 25-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-125 cm

Juniperus communis var. 'Depressa'
DEPRESSA JUNIPER
  • Low spreading habit with upwardly ascending branch tips
  • Gray-green to blue-green, awl-like needles
  • Foliage turns a brownish colour in the winter

HEIGHT: 80-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-150 cm

Kalimeris yomena Variegata ('Shogun')
JAPANESE ASTER
  • Tiny, aster-like, lavender flowers with a yellow centre
  • Leaves emerge olive-green and are irregularly edged in gold
  • Gold edge fades by midseason

HEIGHT: 35-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Koeleria pyramidata (cristata)
PRAIRIE JUNE GRASS
  • AKA: Koeleria cristata, Koeleria macrantha
  • Forms a dense mound of green to gray-green, narrow leaves
  • Foliage colour may vary slightly according to growing conditions

HEIGHT: 15-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-30 cm

Larix decidua
EUROPEAN LARCH
  • A rapid growing conifer that is pyramidal when young
  • Soft, green needles turn golden-yellow in the fall
  • Use for windscreens or in solitary plantings

HEIGHT: 18-30 m  ·  SPREAD: 6-10 m

Larix laricina
AMERICAN LARCH
  • Rapid growing conifer that is pyramidal when young
  • Soft, bluish-green needles turn golden-yellow in the fall
  • Used for windscreens or in solitary plantings

HEIGHT: 18-30 m  ·  SPREAD: 6-10 m

Leersia oryzoides
RICE CUT GRASS
  • Forms a clump of alternately arranged, dull green leaves branching from upright stems
  • Leaf margins are sharply serrated with downward-facing barbs that can cause serious cuts
  • Spikelets of flowers are yellowish-green and often form on one side of the upright stem

HEIGHT: 80-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-60 cm

Leucanthemum vulgare
OXEYE DAISY
  • AKA Chrysanthemum leucanthemum
  • Single, white, daisy-like flower with a bright yellow cone
  • Long, spoon-shaped, dark green leaves, 8 cm long, with serrated edges

HEIGHT: 60-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Liatris aspera
ROUGH BLAZING STAR
  • Rounded, fluffy, mauve-lilac flowers
  • Average flower stalks have 15-40 loosely spaced blooms
  • Blooms open at the top of the spike and then slowly open downward

HEIGHT: 30-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-45 cm

Liatris cylindracea
ONTARIO BLAZING STAR
  • Tubular, fluffy, rose-purple flowers
  • Average flower stalks have 15-25 loosely spaced blooms
  • Blooms open at the top of the spike and then slowly open downward

HEIGHT: 20-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 15-30 cm

Liatris ligulistylis
ROCKY MOUNTAIN BLAZING STAR
  • Upright, clump forming habit
  • Fluffy, thistle-like, deep rose-purple flower heads
  • Lanceolate-oblong green leaves

HEIGHT: 50-70 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-50 cm

Liatris spicata
DENSE BLAZING STAR
  • AKA Liatris callilepis
  • Round, fluffy, violet-purple flowers
  • Blooms open at the top of the spike and then slowly open downward

HEIGHT: 30-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-45 cm

Lilium canadense
CANADA LILY
  • Yellow to orange-red, trumpet-shaped flowers with dark spots
  • 15-20, nodding flowers per mature stem
  • Narrow, dark green leaves on sturdy stems

HEIGHT: 125-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 cm

Lilium superbum
TURK'S-CAP LILY
  • Orange, nodding flowers with dark spots and a greenish throat
  • Petals curl back
  • Each mature stem has 10-12 flowers

HEIGHT: 150-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 15-25 cm

Lindera benzoin
SPICEBUSH
  • Yellowish-white flowers appear before the leaves
  • Female plants display crimson berries contrasting with the gold, fall colour
  • Medium-green, oval leaves

HEIGHT: 3-4 m  ·  SPREAD: 2-3 m

Lobelia cardinalis
CARDINAL FLOWER
  • Spikes of scarlet-red flowers on unbranched stems
  • Tubular flowers are two-lipped
  • Finely toothed, narrow, dark green leaves

HEIGHT: 50-70 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Lobelia siphilitica
GREAT BLUE LOBELIA
  • Spikes of clear-blue flowers on unbranched stems
  • Tubular flowers are two-lipped
  • Finely toothed, oblong, green leaves

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Lobelia speciosa 'Vulcan Red'
CARDINAL FLOWER
  • Tubular, fiery-red flowers form tall spikes
  • Finely toothed, narrow, burgundy leaves
  • Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Lobelia x 'Compliment Deep Red'
CARDINAL FLOWER
  • AKA Lobelia 'Kompliment Tiefrot
  • Spikes of true red flowers on unbranched stems
  • Tubular flowers are two-lipped

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-55 cm

Lobelia x 'Queen Victoria'
CARDINAL FLOWER
  • Spikes of true red flowers on unbranched stems
  • Tubular flowers are two-lipped
  • Finely toothed, narrow, burgundy leaves

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Lupinus perennis
SUNDIAL LUPINE
  • Other Common Names: Indian Beet, Old Maids Bonnets
  • Compact spikes of showy flowers
  • Blue-violet flowers with a white, central streak

HEIGHT: 35-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-45 cm

Luzula sylvatica
GREATER WOOD RUSH
  • AKA: Luzula maxima
  • Leaves are glossy green and 2 cm wide with long, white hairs on the margins
  • Light green flowers rise above the foliage

HEIGHT: 40-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Lychnis coronaria 'Alba'
WHITE CAMPION
  • AKA Silene coronaria 'Alba'
  • Single, five-petaled, white flowers on woolly stems
  • Prolific flowers appear in an open habit

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-50 cm

Lychnis coronaria 'Red'
CAMPION
  • AKA Silene coronaria 'Red'
  • Single, five-petaled, deep magenta flowers on woolly stems
  • Prolific flowers appear in an open habit

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-45 cm

Lysimachia punctata
YELLOW LOOSESTRIFE
  • Clusters of yellow, cupped flowers at each leaf axil
  • Leaves are whorled, grouped in fours up the stems
  • Hairy, ovate, lanceolate-shaped, mid-green leaves are 6 cm long

HEIGHT: 50-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Macleaya microcarpa 'Kelway's Coral Plume'
PLUME POPPY
  • AKA Bocconia cordata
  • Airy panicles of creamy-white flowers
  • Flowers age to a coral colour

HEIGHT: 180-240 cm  ·  SPREAD: 90-120 cm

Magnolia acuminata
CUCUMBERTREE MAGNOLIA
  • Pyramidal when young, matures with a straight trunk and a rounded crown
  • Greenish-yellow flowers bloom high in the tree
  • Cylindrical bunches of seeds, (cucumbers) are green in late summer, ripening red, drying brown

HEIGHT: 20-25 m  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 m

Maianthemum canadense
WILD LILY OF THE VALLEY
  • AKA Unifolium canadense
  • Clusters of tiny star-shaped white flowers rise above the leaves
  • Small clusters of round berries

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 10-15 cm

Maianthemum stellatum
STARRY FALSE LILY OF THE VALLEY
  • AKA Smilacina stellatum
  • Clusters of tiny, star-shaped, pure white blooms
  • Light, floral scent

HEIGHT: 30-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Malva moschata 'Rosea'
PINK MUSK MALLOW
  • Abundant, saucer-shaped, rose-pink flowers
  • Flowers clusters form at the leaf axil
  • Alternate leaves, palmately lobed, 5-8 cm wide

HEIGHT: 75-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Matteuccia struthiopteris
OSTRICH FERN
  • AKA Matteuccia pennsylvanica
  • Broad, lance-shaped, pale green fronds
  • Smells like freshly mown hay when fronds are broken

HEIGHT: 90-130 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Meehania cordata
MEEHAN'S MINT
  • Lavender, hooded, two-lipped flowers with a spotted throat
  • Blooms appear just above or throughout the foliage
  • Numerous flowers appear at once

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-50 cm

Mentha piperita
PEPPERMINT
  • Small, pink, sterile, tubular flowers
  • Ovate, lance-shaped, toothed mid-green foliage on red stems
  • Plants are edible raw or cooked

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Mentha spicata
SPEARMINT
  • AKA Mentha viridis
  • Light purple flowers in interrupted, terminal spikes
  • Spearmint-scented, lance-shaped leaves

HEIGHT: 80-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-150 cm

Mertensia virginica
VIRGINIA BLUEBELLS
  • AKA Mertensia pulmonarioides
  • Sapphire-blue, nodding, trumpet-shaped flowers
  • New buds emerge pink and change to blue as they mature

HEIGHT: 40-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-45 cm

Mimulus ringens
MONKEY FLOWER
  • AKA Diplacus ringens
  • Lilac-purple, tubular, two-lipped flowers
  • Individual flowers develop from the leaf axils of the upper stems

HEIGHT: 75-85 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Monarda didyma
BEEBALM
  • Tubular, two-lipped, bright scarlet-red blooms
  • Coarse, clump forming perennial
  • Deep green leaves have a minty fragrance when crushed

HEIGHT: 60-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-100 cm

Monarda fistulosa
WILD BERGEMOT
  • Whorls of small, tubular flowers are backed by leafy bracts
  • Lavender-pink flowers appear on square stems just above foliage
  • Matte-green, toothed, lance to oval-shaped leaves, 10 cm long

HEIGHT: 90-110 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Monarda punctata
SPOTTED BEE BALM
  • AKA Monarda punctata ssp. villicaulis
  • Pale yellow flowers, with purple spots, rest on narrow, pink bracts
  • Tiered flowers are just above foliage

HEIGHT: 40-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-30 cm

Myosotis sylvatica 'Victoria Indigo Blue'
GARDEN FORGET-ME-NOTS
  • Myosotis oblongata 'Victoria Blue'
  • Tiny, light blue, five-petaled flowers with a yellow centre
  • Flowers rise above foliage in loose, terminal clusters

HEIGHT: 8-10 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Myosotis sylvatica 'Victoria Rose'
GARDEN FORGET-ME-NOTS
  • Myosotis oblongata 'Victoria Pink'
  • Tiny, pink, five-petaled flowers with a yellow centre
  • Flowers rise above foliage in loose, terminal clusters

HEIGHT: 8-10 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Myrica gale
SWEET GALE
  • AKA Myrica palustris
  • Upright, oval habit
  • Waxy yellow catkins appear before the leaves

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-100 cm

Nuphar lutea
YELLOW POND LILY
  • AKA Nuphar luteum
  • Hardy, aquatic perennial
  • Naturally found in shallow ponds and along stream borders

HEIGHT: 100-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-200 cm

Nymphaea odorata
WHITE WATERLILY
  • Large, fragrant, white flowers with central, yellow stamens
  • Flowers are composed of numerous, white petals and yellow stamens
  • Fragrant flowers open at dawn and close at noon each day

HEIGHT: 10-15 cm  ·  SPREAD: 90-200 cm

Nyssa sylvatica
SOURGUM
  • Upright, oval to rounded crown
  • Small, non-showy, greenish-white flowers
  • Mainly dioecious: trees are male or female and sometimes both

HEIGHT: 10-15 m  ·  SPREAD: 9-10 m

Oenanthe javanica 'Flamingo'
JAVA WATERDROPWORT
  • Related to the parsley family
  • Tiny, creamy-white umbels
  • Grown for its colourful foliage

HEIGHT: 25-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Oenothera biennis
EVENING PRIMROSE
  • Fragrant yellow saucer-shaped flowers appear on tall stalks
  • Blooms open at dusk and closing by noon the following day
  • Lance-shaped, slightly serrated, mid-green leaves

HEIGHT: 100-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Oenothera fruticosa Fireworks ('Fyrverkeri')
SUNDROPS
  • AKA Oenothera tetragona 'Fireworks'
  • Canary-yellow, saucer-shaped flowers
  • Individual flowers open for 1 day

HEIGHT: 40-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Oenothera fruticosa ssp. glauca
SUNDROPS
  • AKA Oenothera tetragona
  • Canary-yellow, sauce-shaped flowers
  • Individual flowers open for 1 day

HEIGHT: 45-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Opuntia humifusa
PRICKLY PEAR
  • AKA Opuntia compressa, Opuntia rafinesquei
  • Waxy yellow flowers grow singularly or in small clusters along the top edge of the cactus pad
  • Blooms last one day

HEIGHT: 20-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Osmunda cinnamomea
CINNAMON FERN
  • AKA Osmundastrum cinnamomeum
  • Erect, mid-green, lanceolate fronds
  • Narrow cinnamon-coloured fertile fronds appear in the spring

HEIGHT: 70-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Osmunda regalis
ROYAL FERN
  • Unique, widely spaced, oblong leaflets, with a distinct central vein
  • Pale green leaves in sunlight
  • Deeper green in shade with reddish stems

HEIGHT: 90-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Ostrya virginiana
IRONWOOD
  • Upright, rounded to oval crown
  • Reddish-brown male flowers and greenish female flowers precede the leaves
  • Dark green birch-like leaves increase in size toward the end of a twig

HEIGHT: 10-12 m  ·  SPREAD: 7-8 m

Pachysandra procumbens
ALLEGHENY SPURGE
  • Pinkish-white, fragrant, flower spikes
  • Flowers form before the new foliage emerges
  • Blooms appear on pinkish-red, flower stems

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Panicum amarum 'Dewey Blue'
DEWEY BLUE BITTER SWITCH GRASS
  • Upright, arching or fountain-like growth
  • Attractive powder-blue foliage
  • Blue-tinged flowers produce tan seed heads

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-100 cm

Panicum virgatum
SWITCH GRASS
  • Forms an upright, dense clump of medium-green foliage
  • Flat leaf blades are 30 cm long, branching from upright stems
  • Airy panicles rising above the foliage are reddish-pink changing to tan in the fall

HEIGHT: 120-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-100 cm

Panicum virgatum Prairie Winds® ('Apache Rose') (PP29142, CPBR5651)
APACHE ROSE SWITCH GRASS
  • Proven Winners® ColorChoice®
  • Dense, upright, columnar habit with grey-green foliage
  • Tips become flushed with a hint of rosy-red in the fall and unique rose-coloured panicles appear

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 70-80 cm

Panicum virgatum 'Blood Brothers'
BLOOD BROTHERS SWITCH GRASS
  • A Canadian introduction
  • Forms a tight upright clump of blue-green foliage
  • Burgundy-red, airy, cloud-like panicles, 30 cm long, rise above the foliage

HEIGHT: 80-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-70 cm

Panicum virgatum Prairie Winds® ('Cheyenne Sky') (PP23209)
CHEYENNE SKY SWITCH GRASS
  • Proven Winners® ColorChoice®
  • Forms a tight, upright clump of blue-green foliage
  • Burgundy-red, airy, cloud-like panicles, 30 cm long, rise above the foliage

HEIGHT: 60-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-70 cm

Panicum virgatum 'Cloud Nine'
CLOUD NINE SWITCH GRASS
  • Forms a tight, upright clump of gray-green foliage, becoming vase-shaped with age
  • Flat, leaf blades are 30 cm long, branching from upright stems
  • Grass is topped with golden, airy, cloud-like panicles

HEIGHT: 150-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-100 cm

Panicum virgatum 'Dallas Blues' (PP11202)
DALLAS BLUES SWITCH GRASS
  • Forms a dense, upright clump of steel-blue to green foliage
  • This cultivar has a wider leaf blade, (2-4 cm wide) that arches from upright stems
  • Topped with purple-pink airy panicles about 50 cm long

HEIGHT: 150-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 70-100 cm

Panicum virgatum 'Hanse Herms'
HANSE HERMS SWITCH GRASS
  • AKA Panicum virgatum 'Haense Herms'
  • Forms a loose upright clump of arching green leaves on sturdy stems
  • This grass is topped with silvery-green airy cloud-like panicles in late summer

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-100 cm

Panicum virgatum 'Heavy Metal'
HEAVY METAL SWITCH GRASS
  • Forms a very tight upright vase-shaped clump of intense metallic-blue foliage
  • Grass is topped with airy pink cloud-like panicles in late summer
  • Leaves have a good yellow fall colour

HEIGHT: 120-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-80 cm

Panicum virgatum 'Northwind'
NORTHWIND SWITCH GRASS
  • Forms a tight, upright clump of gray-green foliage, becoming vase-shaped with age
  • Flat, leaf blades are 30 cm long, branching almost vertically from upright stems
  • Grass is topped with slender, green, airy, cloud-like panicles

HEIGHT: 125-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 70-90 cm

Panicum virgatum 'Prairie Fire' (PP19367)
PRAIRIE FIRE SWITCH GRASS
  • Forms a tight, upright clump of blue-green foliage
  • Pinkish-red, airy, cloud-like panicles rise above the foliage
  • Leaves turn a dark wine-red in early summer, starting at the tips

HEIGHT: 125-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 70-80 cm

Panicum virgatum 'Prairie Flame'
PRAIRIE FLAME SWITCH GRASS
  • Forms a tight, upright clump of blue-green foliage
  • Pinkish-red, airy, cloud-like panicles rise above the foliage
  • Leaves turn a dark wine-red and burgundy as the summer progresses

HEIGHT: 125-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 70-90 cm

Panicum virgatum 'Prairie Sky'
PRAIRIE SKY SWITCH GRASS
  • Forms an upright clump of wide leaf blades arching from upright stems
  • Foliage is a more intense blue than P. 'Heavy Metal'
  • Grass is topped with dark red airy cloud-like panicles

HEIGHT: 150-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Panicum virgatum 'Rehbraun'
BROWN DEER SWITCH GRASS
  • Forms a dense, upright clump of green leaves
  • Grass is topped with reddish-brown, airy, cloud-like panicles
  • Leaves turn dark red-brown in late summer, starting at the tips

HEIGHT: 90-120 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Panicum virgatum 'Rotstrahlbusch'
RED RAY SWITCH GRASS
  • Forms a dense, upright clump of green leaves with slight hints of red
  • Pinkish, airy, cloud-like panicles shimmer above the foliage
  • Leaves turn an intense dark red in late summer, starting at the tips

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Panicum virgatum Ruby Ribbons™ ('RR1') (PP17944)
RUBY RIBBONS™ SWITCH GRASS
  • A cross between Panicum 'Haense Herms and 'Heavy Metal'
  • Blue-green foliage in early summer
  • Foliage develops wine red tips as they mature with pinkish-red flower

HEIGHT: 125-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 70-90 cm

Panicum virgatum 'Shenandoah'
SHENANDOAH SWITCH GRASS
  • Forms a dense clump of green leaves, slightly arching from upright stems
  • Pinkish, airy, cloud-like panicles shimmer above the foliage
  • Leaves turn an intense dark red in late summer from the tips downward

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-90 cm

Panicum virgatum 'Squaw'
SQUAW SWITCH GRASS
  • Forms a dense upright clump of arching green leaves with slight hints of red
  • Grass is topped with silvery-pink, airy, cloud-like panicles
  • Leaves turn an intense purple-red in late summer, starting at the tips

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 75-90 cm

Panicum virgatum 'Strictum'
TALL SWITCH GRASS
  • Forms a dense upright clump of blue-green leaves tinted with red tips
  • Grass is topped with red, airy, cloud-like panicles
  • Foliage turns a bright yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 150-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Panicum virgatum Prairie Winds® ('Totem Pole') (PP29951, CPBRAF)
TOTEM POLE SWITCH GRASS
  • Proven Winners® ColorChoice®
  • Forms a very upright column of steel blue foliage and powdery blue stems
  • Golden seed panicles appear in early fall

HEIGHT: 170-180 cm  ·  SPREAD: 70-80 cm

Panicum virgatum 'Warrior'
WARRIOR SWITCH GRASS
  • Forms a dense upright clump of green leaves with slight hints of red
  • Grass is topped with red airy cloud-like panicles
  • Leaves turn a dark red in late summer, starting at the tips

HEIGHT: 120-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 90-110 cm

Papaver nudicaule 'Champagne Bubbles'
ICELAND POPPY
  • Large, bowl-shaped flowers
  • Nodding, hairy buds open to orange, pink, red, salmon and white with yellow stamens
  • Flowers appear on wiry stems

HEIGHT: 15-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-30 cm

Papaver orientale 'Allegro'
ORIENTAL POPPY
  • Bowl-shaped, paper-like, petaled flowers
  • Scarlet-orange with near-black, central markings and stamens
  • Thistle-like, hairy, mid-green foliage

HEIGHT: 35-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Papaver orientale 'Beauty of Livermere'
ORIENTAL POPPY
  • Large, bowl-shaped, paper-like, petaled flowers
  • Scarlet flowers with near-black central markings and stamens
  • Thistle-like, hairy, mid-green foliage

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Papaver orientale 'Brilliant'
ORIENTAL POPPY
  • Bowl-shaped, paper-like, petaled flowers
  • Fire-red flowers with deep purple, central markings and stamens
  • Thistle-like, hairy, mid-green foliage

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Papaver orientale 'Pink Ruffles' (PP12712)
ORIENTAL POPPY
  • Bowl-shaped, paper-like, petaled flowers
  • Pink, ruffled flowers with near-black, central markings and stamens
  • Thistle-like, hairy, mid-green foliage

HEIGHT: 35-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-50 cm

Papaver orientale 'Princess Victoria Louise'
ORIENTAL POPPY
  • AKA Papaver orientale "Prinzessin Victoria Louise'
  • Bowl-shaped, paper-like, petaled flowers
  • Soft pink flowers with near-black, central markings and stamens

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Papaver orientale 'Royal Wedding'
ORIENTAL POPPY
  • Bowl-shaped, papery-like, petaled flowers
  • Pure white flowers with near-black, central markings and stamens
  • Thistle-like, hairy, mid-green foliage

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Papaver orientale 'Turkenlouis'
ORIENTAL POPPY
  • Bowl-shaped, paper-like, petaled flowers
  • Scarlet-orange, fringed flowers with near-black, central markings and stamens
  • Thistle-like, hairy, mid-green foliage

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Papaver rhoeas
FLANDERS FIELD POPPY
  • Large, bowl-shaped, paper-like, petaled flowers
  • Brilliant, crimson-red flowers with near-black, central markings and stamens
  • Thistle-like, hairy, mid-green foliage

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Parthenium integrifolium
WILD QUININE
  • Clusters of small, woolly-looking, white flowers
  • Blooms appear as tiny, ray flowers in broad, terminal corymbs
  • Serrated, rough, dark green, basal, fragrant leaves

HEIGHT: 75-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Parthenocissus inserta
WOODBINE
  • AKA Parthenocissus vitacea
  • Insignificant, yellowish-green flowers
  • Glossy, green, five-lobed, palmate leaves

HEIGHT: 10-15 m  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 m

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
VIRGINIA CREEPER
  • Insignificant, small, clusters of greenish-white flowers
  • Coarse-toothed, deep green leaves with 5 leaflets
  • Foliage emerges purplish in colour in the spring, to green in the summer

HEIGHT: 20-30 m  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 m

Parthenocissus quinquefolia 'Engelmannii'
ENGELMAN'S IVY
  • Insignificant, small clusters of green flowers
  • Glossy, coarse-toothed, deep green leaves with five leaflets
  • Inedible, grape-like berries form on deep red stems

HEIGHT: 10-15 m  ·  SPREAD: 2-3 m

Parthenocissus tricuspidata 'Veitchii'
BOSTON IVY
  • AKA Ampelopsis veitchii
  • Insignificant, tiny, white flowers
  • Clusters of dark blue berries can be seen after the leaves drop

HEIGHT: 15-20 m  ·  SPREAD: 10-15 m

Peltandra virginica
GREEN ARROW ARUM
  • AKA Peltandra undulata
  • Tiny, greenish-white flowers
  • Each flower is hidden by a long, 20 cm spathe

HEIGHT: 50-75 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Pennisetum alopecuroides 'Moudry'
BLACK FOUNTAIN GRASS
  • Forms a mounding clump of wide, glossy dark green foliage
  • Soft bottlebrush-like blackish-purple flower spikes rise just slightly above the foliage
  • Slender flower stalks can be upright or arching

HEIGHT: 60-70 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-75 cm

Penstemon digitalis
FOXGLOVE BEARDTONGUE
  • Clusters of white, tubular, five-lobed flowers
  • Flowers grow in pairs on a thick, green stems
  • Blooms May to June

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Penstemon hirsutus
HAIRY BEARDTONGUE
  • Tubular, two-lipped, lavender flowers with a white throat
  • Flowers grow in clusters on hairy, green stems
  • Toothed, lance-shaped, hairy, green leaves, 5-10 cm long

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Persicaria amphibia
WATER KNOTWEED
  • AKA Polygonum amphibium
  • Habitat includes shallow waters along lakes, ponds, ditches
  • Adaptable to short periods of drought

HEIGHT: 30-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 0-0 cm

Phlox divaricata
WOODLAND PHLOX
  • Lilac, pink or blue flowers form loose clusters
  • Clusters appear at the tips of each stem
  • Lance-shaped to elliptic, mid-green leaves are 5 cm long

HEIGHT: 20-30 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-45 cm

Phlox divaricata 'Blue Elf' (PPAF)
WOODLAND PHLOX
  • Medium blue flowers form loose clusters
  • Clusters appear at the tips of each stem
  • Lance-shaped to elliptic, mid-green leaves, 5 cm long

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Phlox divaricata 'Blue Moon'
WOODLAND PHLOX
  • Fragrant, violet-blue flowers form loose clusters
  • Clusters appear at the tips of each stem
  • Lance-shaped to elliptic, mid-green leaves, 5 cm long

HEIGHT: 30-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 25-30 cm

Phlox divaricata 'Blue Perfume'
WOODLAND PHLOX
  • Medium blue flowers across form loose clusters
  • Clusters appear at the tips of each stem
  • Lance-shaped to elliptic, mid-green leaves, 5 cm long

HEIGHT: 35-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Phlox divaricata 'London Grove Blue'
WOODLAND PHLOX
  • Powdery-blue flowers form loose clusters
  • Clusters appear at the tips of each stem
  • Lance-shaped to elliptic, mid-green leaves, 5 cm long

HEIGHT: 40-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Phlox divaricata 'May Breeze'
WOODLAND PHLOX
  • Very pale, fragrant, blue flowers form loose clusters
  • Some flowers have a hint of very pale blue hues
  • Clusters appear at the tips of each stem

HEIGHT: 30-35 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Phlox divaricata 'Parksville Beach'
WOODLAND PHLOX
  • Magenta flowers form loose clusters
  • Clusters appear at the tips of each stem
  • Lance-shaped to elliptic, mid-green leaves, 5 cm long

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 35-40 cm

Phlox divaricata 'Plum Perfect'
WOODLAND PHLOX
  • Purple flowers with dark purple eyes form loose clusters
  • Clusters appear at the tips of each stem
  • Lance-shaped to elliptic, mid-green leaves, 5 cm long

HEIGHT: 20-25 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Phlox pilosa
DOWNY PHLOX
  • The flowers may be white, pink, or lavender
  • Individual flowers are loosely arranged in terminal clusters
  • Narrow, hairy, lance-shaped, mid-green leaves

HEIGHT: 40-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Phlox stolonifera 'Sherwood Purple'
CREEPING WOODLAND PHLOX
  • Low-growing species with a trailing habit
  • Very fragrant, purple flowers form loose clusters above the foliage
  • Semi-evergreen foliage with oblong to oval, green leaves

HEIGHT: 8-12 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-55 cm

Physocarpus opulifolius
COMMON NINEBARK
  • Flat-topped cluster of white flowers
  • Flowers give way to reddish fruit in the fall
  • Green, three-lobed, textured leaves turn yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 175-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 175-200 cm

Physocarpus opulifolius 'Nanus'
DWARF NINEBARK
  • Flat-topped clusters of white flowers
  • Fruit reddish in the fall, turning to brown with maturity
  • Dense shrub with smaller leaves than the species

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-125 cm

Physostegia virginiana
OBEDIENT PLANT
  • Upright, clumping habit
  • Dense spikes of pink to pale lilac, occasionally white, snapdragon-like flowers
  • Each flower is surrounded by a small, leaf-like bract

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Physostegia virginiana 'Vivid'
OBEDIENT PLANT
  • Upright, clumping habit
  • Dense spikes of deep pink, tubular, snapdragon-like flowers
  • Narrow, lance-shaped, serrated, green leaves

HEIGHT: 60-65 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-75 cm

Pinus banksiana
JACK PINE
  • A scrubby pine with an open, irregular shape
  • Long, two-twisted needles are olive-green in colour
  • Light brown cones will remain on the tree for several years

HEIGHT: 10-15 m  ·  SPREAD: 6-9 m

Pinus resinosa
RED PINE
  • Conical in form with an oval to rounded crown
  • Shiny, dark green needles grow 10 to 15 cm long
  • Horizontal to ascending branching

HEIGHT: 30-35 m  ·  SPREAD: 6-7 m

Pinus strobus
EASTERN WHITE PINE
  • Rapid growing, broadly pyramidal evergreen
  • Open branching with a smooth bark
  • Long, soft, light green to blue-green needles

HEIGHT: 20-24 m  ·  SPREAD: 7-10 m

Pinus sylvestris
SCOTS PINE
  • Fast-growing broadly conical medium-sized conifer
  • Develops an open to rounded irregular crown as it matures
  • Exfoliating or flaking orange to red-brown bark, with blue-green needles

HEIGHT: 15-18 m  ·  SPREAD: 10-12 m

Podophyllum peltatum
MAYAPPLE
  • Palmately-lobed, mid-green leaves are up to 25 cm wide
  • Generally only one leaf per stem, sometimes two
  • Flowers have six to nine, white petals with yellow stamens

HEIGHT: 30-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Polemonium caeruleum
JACOB'S LADDER
  • Upright, clump forming habit
  • Cup-shaped flowers droop in loose clusters
  • Blue flowers have contrasting, yellow stamens

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Polemonium caeruleum 'Album'
WHITE JACOB'S LADDER
  • AKA Polemonium caeruleum subsp. caeruleum f. albiflorum
  • Upright, clump forming habit
  • Cup-shaped flowers droop in loose clusters

HEIGHT: 45-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Polygonatum humile
DWARF SOLOMON'S SEAL
  • Compact, upright stems with an arching habit
  • Green, ovate, leaves are arranged alternately along the stems
  • Bell-shaped flowers dangle at each leaf axis beneath the arching stems

HEIGHT: 15-20 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Polygonatum multiflorum
SOLOMON'S SEAL
  • Rhizomatous perennial with upright, arching stems
  • Green, ovate, leaves are arranged alternately along the stems
  • Bell-shaped flowers dangle at each leaf axis beneath the arching stems

HEIGHT: 80-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Pontederia cordata
PICKERELWEED
  • Aquatic perennial with glossy green, heart-shaped, basal leaves
  • Unbranched, hairless, flower stalks
  • Violet-blue, hyacinth-like flowers appear in closely packed, terminal spikes

HEIGHT: 40-50 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-80 cm

Populus balsamifera
BALSAM POPLAR
  • Narrow, pyramidal crown with ascending branches
  • Buds are sticky, resinous, and strongly aromatic
  • Leaves are ovate, dark green on top, silver underneath

HEIGHT: 25-30 m  ·  SPREAD: 14-16 m

Populus deltoides
EASTERN COTTONWOOD
  • Upright, oval habit
  • Glossy, triangular, green leaves turn yellow in the fall
  • Dioecious: trees are either male or female, flowering before the leaves

HEIGHT: 20-25 m  ·  SPREAD: 16-18 m

Populus grandidentata
BIG-TOOTHED ASPEN
  • Loose, open, irregular crown with coarse, spreading branches
  • Leaves are ovate with a serrated edge, green on top and whitish underneath
  • Drooping catkins are tan coloured at maturity

HEIGHT: 18-20 m  ·  SPREAD: 8-10 m

Populus tremuloides
TREMBLING ASPEN
  • Narrow, rounded crown with ascending branches
  • Bark colour is a beautiful silvery-white
  • Nearly round, glossy dark green leaves in the summer 'tremble' due to flat leaf stems

HEIGHT: 10-15 m  ·  SPREAD: 5-7 m

Prunus americana
AMERICAN PLUM
  • Upright, broad, spreading crown
  • Clusters of white flowers
  • Flowers are followed by small, edible, round, red plums

HEIGHT: 6-8 m  ·  SPREAD: 4-5 m

Prunus pensylvanica
PIN CHERRY, FIRE CHERRY
  • Upright, almost columnar habit, forming colonies
  • Burnished-bronze exfoliating bark
  • Clusters of fragrant florets unfold with the leaves

HEIGHT: 8-10 m  ·  SPREAD: 3-4 m

Prunus serotina
BLACK CHERRY
  • Narrow, columnar to rounded crown
  • Pendulous clusters of fragrant white flowers
  • Flowers are followed by red pea-sized cherries, ripening to purple-black

HEIGHT: 18-24 m  ·  SPREAD: 8-10 m

Prunus virginiana
COMMON CHOKECHERRY
  • Small, fragrant, white or pink flowers emerge simultaneously with the leaves
  • Red to blue to black fruit ripens in July, eaten by birds
  • Semi-glossy, green leaves occasionally turn pinkish in the fall

HEIGHT: 6-7 m  ·  SPREAD: 5-6 m

Ptelea trifoliata
HOP TREE
  • Dense rounded shrub or small tree
  • Shiny dark green leaves
  • Tiny white flowers

HEIGHT: 5-6 m  ·  SPREAD: 5-6 m

Pteridium aquilinum
BRACKEN FERN
  • Sturdy, bright green, triangular-shaped fronds
  • Found in large patches in wet or dry conditions
  • Single fronds emerge from spreading rhizomes

HEIGHT: 40-80 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-100 cm

Pycnanthemum muticum
SHORT TOOTHED MOUNTAIN MINT
  • Pinkish-white, disc-like flowers with attractive, silver bracts
  • Small, pinkish flowers are a good nectar source for butterflies and small insects
  • Foliage has a spearmint fragrance when crushed

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Pycnanthemum virginianum
VIRGINIA MOUNTAIN MINT
  • Well-branched, upright habit
  • Terminal clusters of white, two-lipped flowers
  • Narrow, toothless, mid-green leaves, 6 cm long

HEIGHT: 60-90 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Quercus alba
WHITE OAK
  • Pyramidal when young, maturing to a wide-spreading, rounded crown
  • Leaves have deep rounded lobes, emerging pinkish in the spring, maturing to dark green
  • Insignificant flowers(catkins) are followed by oval acorns

HEIGHT: 18-22 m  ·  SPREAD: 18-22 m

Quercus bicolor
SWAMP WHITE OAK
  • Pyramidal when young, maturing to a broad, rounded crown
  • Leaves are glossy, dark green on top and silvery-white underneath
  • Insignificant flowers (catkins) are followed by oval acorns

HEIGHT: 15-18 m  ·  SPREAD: 15-18 m

Quercus coccinea
SCARLET OAK
  • Upright, open, spreading to rounded crown
  • Glossy green leaves have deeply cut pointed lobes
  • Insignificant flowers (catkins) are followed by oval acorns

HEIGHT: 16-20 m  ·  SPREAD: 13-15 m

Quercus dentata 'Pinnatifida'
JAPANESE EMPEROR OAK
  • Slow-growing, open, upright growing crown
  • Matures to a medium-sized tree
  • Young leaves are edged in a velvety pink

HEIGHT: 4-5 m  ·  SPREAD: 3-4 m

Quercus frainetto Forest Green® ('Schmidt')
FOREST GREEN® OAK
  • Upright, oval crown with a strong, central leader
  • Leaves are deep green, very glossy, with rounded lobes
  • Drought resistant and extremely adaptable

HEIGHT: 12-15 m  ·  SPREAD: 8-9 m

Quercus imbricaria
SHINGLE OAK
  • Conical at a young age, becoming broadly oval with maturity
  • Narrow, oblong leaves are smooth-margined, glossy, and dark green
  • Insignificant flowers (catkins) are followed by rounded acorns

HEIGHT: 12-18 m  ·  SPREAD: 12-18 m

Quercus macrocarpa
BURR OAK
  • Pyramidal when young, maturing to a broad, spreading, rounded crown
  • Twigs are sometimes ridged with corky "wings"
  • Dark green leaves are leathery with deep round lobes

HEIGHT: 18-22 m  ·  SPREAD: 13-18 m

Quercus macrocarpa Urban Pinnacle® ('JFS-KW3') (PP22815)
URBAN PINNACLE® OAK
  • Pyramidal to oval crown, with a strong central leader
  • Glossy dark green leaves with deep rounded lobes
  • Insignificant flowers (catkins) are followed by small oval acorns

HEIGHT: 15-17 m  ·  SPREAD: 7-8 m

Quercus muehlenbergii
CHINKAPIN OAK
  • Open, broad, rounded crown
  • Narrow, oblong, glossy green leaves with coarse marginal teeth
  • Insignificant flowers (catkins) are followed by oval acorns

HEIGHT: 15-18 m  ·  SPREAD: 12-18 m

Quercus palustris
PIN OAK
  • Pyramidal, broad, spreading, oval crown
  • Leaves are dark green with deep, sharply pointed lobes
  • Insignificant flowers (catkins) are followed by rounded acorns

HEIGHT: 20-25 m  ·  SPREAD: 13-18 m

Quercus palustris Green Pillar® ('Pringreen') (PP9093)
GREEN PILLAR® OAK
  • Pyramidal, upright, dense crown, with nearly vertical branches
  • Leaves are dark green with deep, sharply pointed lobes
  • Insignificant flowers (catkins) are followed by oval acorns

HEIGHT: 14-16 m  ·  SPREAD: 3-4 m

Quercus prinus
CHESTNUT OAK
  • AKA Quercus montana
  • Pyramidal when young, it will grow to fill available space
  • Oval leaves are lightly toothed

HEIGHT: 20-24 m  ·  SPREAD: 16-18 m

Quercus robur
ENGLISH OAK
  • Pyramidal when young, maturing to a broad, spreading, rounded crown
  • Leaves have blunt rounded lobes, are dark green on top and blue-green beneath
  • Insignificant flowers (catkins) are followed by oval acorns

HEIGHT: 18-20 m  ·  SPREAD: 13-18 m

Quercus robur Rosehill® ('Asjes') (PP6539)
ROSEHILL® OAK
  • Glossy green mildew-resistant leaves
  • Narrow oval to fastigiate habit
  • Copper to red fall colour

HEIGHT: 12 m  ·  SPREAD: 6 m

Quercus robur 'Fastigiata'
PYRAMIDAL ENGLISH OAK
  • Pyramidal, upright, dense crown, with nearly vertical branches
  • Leaves have blunt, rounded lobes, and are dark green on top, blue-green beneath
  • Insignificant flowers (catkins) are followed by oval acorns

HEIGHT: 15-18 m  ·  SPREAD: 5-6 m

Quercus robur Skymaster® ('Pyramich')
SKYMASTER® OAK
  • Upright to pyramidal, with symmetrical branching
  • A strong, central leader
  • Leaves are medium-green in the summer, turning yellow or gold in the fall

HEIGHT: 15-18 m  ·  SPREAD: 4-7 m

Quercus rubra
RED OAK
  • Rounded, broad, spreading, often irregular crown
  • Dark green leaves have sharply pointed lobes
  • Insignificant flowers (catkins) are followed by acorns

HEIGHT: 16-22 m  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 m

Quercus shumardii
SHUMARD OAK
  • Medium-sized, pyramidal when young
  • Matures to a broad, rather open, rounded crown
  • Shiny, dark green leaves are deeply lobed

HEIGHT: 12-18 m  ·  SPREAD: 10-12 m

Quercus velutina
BLACK OAK
  • Globular, spreading crown
  • Bark is almost black on mature trunks
  • Leathery, shiny, dark green leaves are deeply incised

HEIGHT: 15-20 m  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 m

Quercus x alba x robur Crimson Spire™ ('Crimschmidt') (PP9103)
CRIMSON SPIRE™ OAK
  • Pyramidal, upright, dense crown, with nearly vertical branches
  • Dark green leaves have deep, rounded lobes
  • Insignificant flowers (catkins) are followed by oval acorns

HEIGHT: 13-15 m  ·  SPREAD: 5-6 m

Quercus x alba x robur Streetspire® ('JFS-KW1QX')
STREETSPIRE® OAK
  • Pyramidal, upright, dense crown, with nearly vertical branches
  • Dark green leaves have deep, rounded lobes
  • Insignificant flowers (catkins) are followed by oval acorns

HEIGHT: 13-14 m  ·  SPREAD: 4-5 m

Quercus x warei Regal Prince® ('Long') (PP12673)
REGAL PRINCE® OAK
  • Pyramidal, upright, dense crown, with nearly vertical branches
  • Ovate leaves have blunt, rounded lobes, and are dark green on top, light green beneath
  • Insignificant flowers (catkins) are followed by oval to elliptical acorns

HEIGHT: 16-18 m  ·  SPREAD: 6-8 m

Quercus x warei Kindred Spirit® ('Nadler') (PP17604)
KINDRED SPIRIT® OAK
  • Extremely tightly branched, upright, columnar crown
  • Foliage in the summer is a dark green with silvery undersides
  • Fall colour is a yellow to yellow-brown

HEIGHT: 8-9 m  ·  SPREAD: 150-175 cm

Ratibida pinnata
GRAY-HEAD CONEFLOWER
  • AKA Lepachys pinnata
  • Upright, thick-stemmed, well-branched perennial
  • Toothed, bluish-green, lance-shaped leaves

HEIGHT: 125-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 45-60 cm

Rhus aromatica
FRAGRANT SUMAC
  • Yellowish, male and female flowers appear before the leaves
  • Clusters of reddish, hairy fruit ripen late summer and may persist into the winter
  • Medium green to blue-green, aromatic, soft leaves are sometimes glossy

HEIGHT: 125-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 175-200 cm

Rhus aromatica 'Gro-Low'
FRAGRANT SUMAC
  • Yellowish, male and female flowers
  • Clusters of reddish, hairy fruit ripen late summer and may persist into the winter
  • Medium-green to blue-green, aromatic, soft leaves are sometimes glossy

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 175-200 cm

Rhus glabra
SMOOTH SUMAC
  • Greenish-yellow, male and female flowers
  • Clusters of reddish, hairy fruit ripen late summer and may persist into the winter
  • Medium-green to dark green, soft leaves are sometimes glossy

HEIGHT: 250-300 cm  ·  SPREAD: 250-300 cm

Rhus typhina
STAGHORN SUMAC
  • Greenish-yellow male and female flowers
  • Clusters of reddish, hairy fruit ripen late summer and may persist into the winter
  • Medium-green to dark green, soft leaves are sometimes glossy

HEIGHT: 250-300 cm  ·  SPREAD: 250-300 cm

Rhus typhina 'Dissecta'
CUTLEAF STAGHORN SUMAC
  • Greenish-yellow, male and female flowers
  • Clusters of reddish, hairy fruit ripen late summer and may persist into the winter
  • Medium green, soft leaves, are sometimes glossy

HEIGHT: 200-250 cm  ·  SPREAD: 250-300 cm

Ribes americanum
WILD BLACK CURRANT
  • Bell-shaped flowers, pale yellow to greenish white
  • Small round fruit, ripening from green to red and finally black
  • Slightly hairy branches and leaves but are identified without thorns

HEIGHT: 125-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 150-175 cm

Rosa blanda
MEADOW ROSE
  • Single light pink fragrant flowers
  • Smooth bright red rose hips in July persist into the winter
  • Dull, blue-green leaves

HEIGHT: 125-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 150-200 cm

Rosa carolina
PASTURE ROSE
  • Single pink flowers
  • Red pear-shaped fruit persists into the winter
  • Rich green leaves turn dull red in the fall

HEIGHT: 150-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 175-200 cm

Rosa palustris
SWAMP ROSE
  • Fragrant, single, pink flowers
  • Red fruit persists into the winter
  • Medium green leaves turn dull red in the fall

HEIGHT: 150-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 150-175 cm

Rosa rubrifolia
REDLEAF ROSE
  • AKA Rosa glauca
  • Single, pink flowers
  • Red, pear-shaped fruit persists into the winter

HEIGHT: 125-150 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-125 cm

Rosa rugosa
RUGOSA ROSE
  • Single, pink flowers
  • Red, oval fruit
  • Dark green leaves turn dull orange to scarlet in the fall

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-125 cm

Rosa rugosa 'Alba'
RUGOSA ROSE (WHITE)
  • Single, white flowers
  • Red, oval fruit
  • Dark green leaves turn dull orange to scarlet in the fall

HEIGHT: 150-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-100 cm

Rosa rugosa 'Nearly Wild'
NEARLY WILD ROSE
  • Single, pink flowers
  • Medium green leaves turn dull orange to scarlet in the fall
  • Low, spreading shrub

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-100 cm

Rosa setigera
PRAIRIE ROSE
  • Deep pink, single flowers fade to white
  • In late summer, bright red, rose hips appear
  • Glossy, dark green leaves turn purple-red in the fall

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 250-300 cm

Rubus allegheniensis
ALLEGHANY BLACKBERRY
  • Single, white flowers
  • Sweet, black, thimble-shaped fruit
  • Textured, green leaves are usually made up of three leaflets

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 175-200 cm

Rubus ideaus var. strigosus
WILD RED RASPBERRY
  • Single, white flowers
  • Red, thimble-shaped fruit
  • Textured, green leaves, made up of three leaflets, turn yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 175-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 175-200 cm

Rubus occidentalis
BLACK RASPBERRY
  • Single, white flowers
  • Sweet, black, thimble-shaped fruit
  • Textured, green leaves with three to five leaflets, turn yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 100-125 cm  ·  SPREAD: 250-300 cm

Rubus odoratus
FLOWERING RASPBERRY
  • Fragrant, single, magenta flowers
  • Small, red, thimble-shaped fruit
  • Textured, five-lobed, green leaves turn yellow in the fall

HEIGHT: 150-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 150-175 cm

Rudbeckia fulgida Viette's Little Suzy ('Blovi') (PP8867)
VIETTE'S LITTLE SUZY BLACK-EYED SUSAN
  • Compact, upright, clump-forming cultivar
  • Daisy-like flowers with yellow petals and a dark central eye
  • Oblong to lance-shaped basal leaves

HEIGHT: 35-40 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Rudbeckia fulgida 'Goldsturm'
BLACK-EYED SUSAN
  • Gold-petaled flowers with a dark, central eye
  • Oblong to lance-shaped, basal leaves, 13 cm long
  • Flowers appear on leafy stems

HEIGHT: 55-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Rudbeckia hirta
GLORIOSA DAISY
  • AKA Rudbeckia gloriosa
  • Biennial or short-lived perennial
  • Pale, daisy-like flowers with golden petals surround a central, dark cone

HEIGHT: 60-70 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-60 cm

Rudbeckia hirta 'Autumn Colours'
GLORIOSA DAISY
  • Biennial or short-lived perennial
  • Bicoloured shades of burgundy and yellow petals surrounding a dark cone
  • Rough, hairy, mid-green, lance-shaped leaves, 10 cm long

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Rudbeckia hirta 'Cherry Brandy'
GLORIOSA DAISY
  • Biennial or short-lived perennial
  • Large, daisy-like blooms with cherry-red petals surrounding a dark chocolate eye
  • Rough, hairy, mid-green, lance-shaped leaves, 10 cm long

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 30-40 cm

Rudbeckia hirta 'Irish Eyes'
GLORIOSA DAISY
  • AKA Rudbeckia hirta 'Green Eyes'
  • Biennial or short-lived perennial
  • Daisy-like flowerheads with yellow petals surrounding a central, green eye or cone

HEIGHT: 55-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Rudbeckia hirta 'Prairie Sun'
GLORIOSA DAISY
  • Biennial or short-lived perennial
  • Daisy-like flowerheads
  • Petals are tipped in yellow and surround a central, green cone

HEIGHT: 55-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Rudbeckia hirta 'Rustic Colours'
GLORIOSA DAISY
  • Biennial or short-lived perennial
  • Daisy-like flowerheads
  • Deep burgundy petals with yellow tips surround a dark cone

HEIGHT: 40-45 cm  ·  SPREAD: 40-50 cm

Rudbeckia laciniata
CUTLEAF CONEFLOWER
  • Tall upright, rhizomatous perennial
  • Daisy-like flowers on tall, leafy stems
  • Drooping, yellow petals form around a brownish-purple cone

HEIGHT: 125-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-90 cm

Rudbeckia laciniata Autumn Sun ('Herbstonne')
CUTLEAF CONEFLOWER
  • AKA Rudbeckia nitida 'Herbstonne'
  • Tall, upright, rhizomatous perennial
  • Daisy-like flowers on tall, leafy stems

HEIGHT: 125-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 80-90 cm

Rudbeckia triloba
THREE LOBED CONEFLOWER
  • Biennial or short-lived perennial
  • Clumping, stiff, upright, well-branched stems
  • Loaded with yellow daisy-like flowers

HEIGHT: 80-100 cm  ·  SPREAD: 60-70 cm

Ruellia humilis
WILD PETUNIA
  • Bell-shaped petunia shaped lavender to lilac-blue flowers
  • Blooming period between May-October
  • Long slender olive-green leaves

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 50-60 cm

Sagittaria graminea
GRASS LEAF ARROWHEAD
  • Upright, rhizomatous spreader
  • Arrow-shaped, narrow, long, mid-green foliage
  • Grows approximately 60 cm above water level

HEIGHT: 50-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 20-30 cm

Sagittaria latifolia
ARROWHEAD
  • Upright aquatic perennial
  • Long, narrow, arrow-shaped, mid-green leaves
  • Grows approximately 60 cm above water level

HEIGHT: 30-60 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100 cm

Salix alba 'Tristis'
WEEPING GOLDEN WILLOW
  • Upright, open, rounded crown with pendulous golden branchlets
  • Young branches are golden-yellow, maturing to gray-brown and deeply furrowed
  • Flowers emerge yellow-white after the leaves emerge

HEIGHT: 15-20 m  ·  SPREAD: 15-20 m

Salix bebbiana
BEAKED WILLOW
  • Yellow-green cone-like fruit is attractive to birds
  • Dull green, slightly saw-toothed or wavy, gray or whitish underneath
  • Fast growing and capable of forming dense colonies

HEIGHT: 4-5 m  ·  SPREAD: 9-10 m

Salix candida
SAGE-LEAVED WILLOW
  • Gray, felt-like leaves
  • Large yellow catkins
  • New shoots are white and woolly at first, then to a glossy red-brown

HEIGHT: 175-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 100-125 cm

Salix cordata
HEARTLEAF WILLOW
  • Yellow catkins are slender and smooth
  • Green leaves are pale and hairy underneath, with finely serrated edges
  • New shoots are white and silky

HEIGHT: 175-200 cm  ·  SPREAD: 175-200 cm

Salix cottetii
BANKER'S WILLOW
  • Produces greenish-yellow catkins
  • Dark shiny leaves have paler undersides
  • Dwarf willow with a low, trailing habit

HEIGHT: 150-175 cm  ·  SPREAD: 250-300 cm