Bitternut Hickory

Carya cordiformis

  • Open, broadly columnar with an irregular oval to rounded crown
  • Distinctive sulphur-yellow buds
  • Male and female flowers
  • After flowering, slightly flattened spherical nuts form, about 2 cm in diameter
  • Compound green leaves with 7 to 11 leaflets, turn a greenish-yellow colour in the fall
  • Bloom Time: Spring



15-20 m

14-15 m

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Growing and Maintenance Tips:

Bitternut hickory need a lot of water during the summer, so consider collecting rainwater to help keep the soil moist. Adaptable to a range of soil conditions and moistures. Once considered hard to transplant. Newer nursery practices are changing this concept.

Additional Notes about Bitternut Hickory:

Native to Ontario