Echinacea purpurea - Purple Coneflower

Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea

Also called Eastern Purple Coneflower

  • AKA Rudbeckia purpurea
  • Drooping petals of purple-pink flowers with a spiky orange central cone
  • Lance-shaped and coarse-toothed leaves on sturdy stems
  • Leaves up to 15 cm in length
  • Drought and heat tolerant
  • Bloom Time: Midsummer to early fall



90-120 cm

50-60 cm

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Growing and Maintenance Tips:

Echinacea thrives in an average to moist, well-drained soil, in full sun to partial shade. They are drought tolerant, once established, and adaptable to heat and poor soils. Taller cultivars may grow leggy and require support if grown in dense shade. Regular deadheading is recommended to improve appearance, but not necessary to increase bloom time. Direct sun exposure helps develop proper flower pigmentation. Pay special attention to plant depth: crown must be at or slightly above soil level. Freely self-seeds if finished blooms are left on the plant.

Additional Notes about Purple Coneflower:

Native to Ontario

The name echinacea comes from the Greek word echinos meaning "hedgehog," in reference to the spiny centre cone.

Echinacea purpurea is the species most widely used in herbal medicine.


work well with Echinacea purpurea