Celtis occidentalis - Common Hackberry
Celtis occidentalis - Common Hackberry - Photo courtesy of Sean James Consulting & Design
Celtis occidentalis - Common Hackberry - Fall Colour - Photo courtesy of J. Frank Schmidt & Son Co.

Common Hackberry

Celtis occidentalis

  • Upright, arching branches with a rounded, spreading crown
  • Bark develops corky ridges, tan when young, turning gray at maturity
  • Simple ovate leaves, with serrated margins, are light green in the summer
  • Foliage turns a bright yellow in the fall
  • A hardy shade tree tolerating a wide range of soil conditions
  • Greenish flowers produce round fleshy berry-like deep purple drupes
  • Bloom Time: April to May


15-18 m

14-16 m

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Growing and Maintenance Tips:

Celtis can tolerate wind, pollution and a wide range of soil conditions, including wet, dry and poor soils.

Additional Notes about Common Hackberry:

Native to Ontario and parts of North America.