Juglans cinerea - Butternut - Fall Foliage - Photo courtesy of Bylands Nurseries Ltd.

Butternut

Juglans cinerea

  • Tall, oval to rounded growth habit
  • Large, pinnate, compound leaves emerge in late spring and drop early fall
  • Foliage colour is dark green in the summer, becoming dull yellow in early fall
  • Nuts, encased in yellow-green husks, mature in autumn
  • Bloom Time: May to June

ZONE:
3

COLOUR:
Yellow

HEIGHT:
12-18 m

SPREAD:
12-18 m

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Growing and Maintenance Tips:


A great tree for larger landscapes and natural areas. Placement should be considered as the litter from the nuts can be very messy. Juglans produce the chemical juglone, and many plants are highly sensitive to this chemical. Look for plants with a tolerance to the toxicity near or under juglans. A great tree for attracting squirrels.

Additional Notes about Butternut:


Native to Ontario.

Butternut is similar in appearance to black walnut (Juglans nigra), however, it is generally smaller, its bark is smoother, it has fewer leaflets per leaf, and its nuts are more oval than round. Native Americans used the nuts for food and boiled the tree sap for syrup.

Characteristics & Attributes


GROWTH RATE:
Medium
ATTRIBUTES:
Fall Color
Deciduous
FLOWERING TIME:
Spring
HABIT:
Oval
FOLIAGE COLOR:
Green
Yellow
LANDSCAPE USES:
Specimen